IFS (Forests Services) English (Mains): Questions 265 - 271 of 466

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Passage

In the 1970s, Chipko activists in Tehri Garhwal used to sing a song, praising their hills ag

Paradise, the place of Gods, where the mountains bloom with rare plants and dense cedars. Chipkobegan as a movement to save the indigenous forests of oak and rhododendron from being felled by the Forest Department. It soon became a wider assertion of local rights to the environment, protesting against inappropriate policies imposed on the hills by a distant plains-based State Government. That sense of alienation and exploitation grew into a broad-based campaign for regional autonomy. Fire state Of Uttarakhand was formed in 2000, and many hoped that the region would finally chart a path of development that was in harmony with its unique ecology and culture.

The recent catastrophic rain, landslides and floods, and the consequent human tragedy, makes us

100k more closely and critically at Uttarakhand’s development narrative. The story that is told — the state can produce wealth and welfare by using natural resources to the fullest — grossly misunderstands the nature Of Himalayan ecology. First, the Himalayas are known to be geologically active. Earthquakes and glacial lake outbursts are natural hazards that accompany these processes. But the destructive power of these events has been eclipsed by man-made hazards that exponentially increase the instability of the Himalayan landscape. Cutting mountains for building roads often trigger landslides, Blasting tunnels through the mountains for river projects destabilizes an already fragile geology. The pressure of water in Dam reservoirs induces tectonic shifts, multiplying the risk of earthquakes. Second, like the mountains, Himalayan Rivers are dynamic entities. Blocking and diverting their path with dams and tunnels, dumping lakhs of truckloads of debris from construction sites and from landslides, and building close to the river channel, has disastrous consequences. N-le cloudburst that precipitated the recent disaster was a natural event, but the toll taken by the floods and landslides was made much worse by Uttarakhand’s development strategy. It has become clear that our understanding of nature is poor, our ability to control and manipulate it poorer still. Nonetheless, we chose t. 0 forge ahead with building more concrete infrastructure the short term, that’s where the money lies. This is a warning to us that development has to incorporate the” precautionary principle, anticipating potential harm and acting prudently to prevent it. This means conservative approach to construction in the hills.

Question number: 265 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

How has man contributed to the instability of the Himalayan landscape?

Question number: 266 (2 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Why Is the Himalayan region thought to be geologically and ecologically fragile?

Question number: 267 (3 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Short Answer Question▾

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What was the objective of the people of Uttarakhand in agitating for a state of their own?

Question number: 268 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Short Answer Question▾

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What should be the planning of development for such regions?

Question number: 269

» Letter and Report Writing

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Appeared in Year: 2012

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a letter to the head of the irrigation department saying that the irrigation facilities in your area are not adequate and the actual green forest area is shrinking due to this. Make a strong appeal to him or her with suggested urgent steps to improve the situation.

Explanation

Mohandas. M

Hanuman gali,

Rajasthan

31 Oct, 2018

The Head,

Department Of Irrigation,

Rajasthan.

Sir,

This is to draw your attention to the scarcity of irrigation facilities in our area for agricultural activities. As you are aware that the availability of water is inevitable in each and every stage of farming and agriculture, lack of adequate

… (103 more words) …

Question number: 270

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Short Answer Question▾

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Make sentences, using the following words in such a way that the meaning of each word is clear in the context

Metal – mettle

Question number: 271

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2012

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Rewrite the following sentences after correcting them. Make only the minimum possible correction in each case without changing the meaning of the sentence. Where there are no corrections, rewrite the sentence (s) as it is.

History tells us that we have learnt nothing from history.