Plant Utility and Exploitation (IFS (Forests Services) Botany (Mains)): Questions 1 - 8 of 8

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Question number: 1

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Botanical Gardens and Herbaria

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write short notes on the following: Botanical gardens (Paper 1, Section B)

Explanation

Definition:

  • Botanical garden is a place where plants are cultivated for scientific, educational, and ornamental purposes.
  • Botanical garden is a garden for the exhibition and scientific study of collected growing plants.

  • Botanical garden is usually in association with greenhouses, herbariums, laboratories, etc.

  • A place where a variety

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Question number: 2

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Things We Get from Plants

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Explain that plants are sources of spices (Paper 1, Section B)

Explanation

  • Spices are plant products used in flavoring foods and beverages.
  • From many of years, aromatic plant materials have been used in food preparation and preservation.

  • Spices do not refer to a specific kind of plant or plant part.

  • Spices come from various woody shrubs and vines, trees, aromatic lichens, and the roots, flowers, seeds, and fr

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Question number: 3

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Botanical Gardens and Herbaria

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write short notes on the following: Herbaria (Paper 1, Section B)

Explanation

Definition:

  • A herbarium is a collection of plant samples preserved for long term study.

  • A herbarium is a collection of dried plants or fungi used for scientific study. Herbaria are the main source of data for the field of botany called taxonomy.

  • Herbaria are plural for herbarium.

  • Herbaria are usually associated with universities, m

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Question number: 4

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Origin of Cultivated Plants

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

What is plant quarantine? (Paper-1, Section-A)

Explanation

Meaning of Plant Quarantine

Plant quarantine means the effort of prevent entry, establishment or spread of a foreign pest in the country by imposing legal restriction on the movement of plant and plant products.

  • Plant quarantine is a mechanism or technique by which disease and pest free plants are formed.

  • Aim of plant quarantine is to the

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Question number: 5

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Botanical Gardens and Herbaria

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Differentiate between Isotype and Syntype. (Paper - 1, Section - B)

Explanation

Isotype:

  • A duplicate specimen of the holotype is called isotype and it is always a specimen.

  • An isotype is a biological specimen duplicate of the holotype collected in the same place and at the same time and by the same person.

  • Sometimes the collection number is also the same and differentiated as a, b, c, etc.

  • In fossil plants it

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Question number: 6

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Ethnobotany

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write short notes on the following: Ethnobotany (Paper 1, Section B)

Explanation

  • Ethnobotany is the branch of ethnobiology and is the scientific study of the interrelationship between people and plants.

  • Ethnobotany is the science of people’s interactions with plants.

  • In Ethnobotany, ethno means study of people and botany means study of plants.

  • The term Ethnobotany was coined in 1895, by J. M. Harshberger, an Ame

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Question number: 7

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Ethnobotany

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

“Ethnobotany provides important clues to the discovery of Morden drugs. “Justify the statement giving suitable example.

Explanation

  • Ethnobotany the ancient man has accurate recognition of non-poisonous plants that he can utilise.

  • In India study of plant in Rigveda that divided into three parts vrska, Osadhi, Virudha (the Creepers).

  • Ethnobotany is a term that is derived from the ethnology (that is study of culture).

  • The scientific study of the relationship that e

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Question number: 8

» Plant Utility and Exploitation » Things We Get from Plants

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write the botanical name, family, active constituents and uses of any five medicinal plants of commercial importance in India.

Explanation

1. Rauvolifia (sarpgandha)

Botanical name- Rauvolifia serpentine

Family-Apocynaceae

Active constituents-alkaloid reserpine, serpentine, deserpidine, ajmaline, ajmalicine, yohimbine, isoaimaline

Uses

  • Drug obtained from Rauvolifia root used for relief from nervous disorders.

  • Used to relif from nervous disorders including anxity, excitement,

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