Cryptogams-Algae (IFS (Forests Services) Botany (Mains)): Questions 1 - 10 of 10

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Question number: 1

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Comment upon the palmella stage. (Paper-1, Section-A)

Explanation

  • Palmella stage is a type of asexual reproduction and is found in some algae manly in Euglena and Chlamydomonas.

  • Palmella stage is formed in unfavorable conditions.

  • Under unfavorable conditions, zoospores are remain enclosed with the parent cell wall and is grows in size and divided and large numbers of zoospores are found without flagel

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Question number: 2

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

With the help of labelled diagram, describe the reproductive organs of Chara. (Paper-1, Section-A)

Explanation

  • Chara is aquatic attached to muddy or sandy bottom of the pools, lakes, flowing streams and ponds of clear water.
  • In Chara, reproduction is takes place by vegetative and sexual method.

Vegetative reproduction:

Vegetative reproduction is takes place by three ways;

(1) By amylum stars: The cells of some subterranean nodes become star-shaped a

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Question number: 3

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

What is the main basis of classification in algae? Describe the important characters of various classes of algae. (Paper-1, Section-A)

Explanation

The presence or absence of pigments which transmit colour to the algae forms is the main basis of classification of algae.

Image shows Various types of algae explained

Image Shows Various Types of Algae Explained

Various types of algae explained

The divisions are based on the factors

  • Major photosynthetic pigments present,

  • Form of stored food,

  • Cell wall composition and

  • Numb

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Question number: 4

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

What are the pigments that are found in red algae? (Paper A Section A)

Explanation

  • Red algae is also known as Rhodophyta and they are marine plants that live mainly in shallow waters and deep tropical seas and some are live in freshwater.
  • Red algae have no flagella and typically grow attached to a hard surface or on other algae.
 Image showing red algae.

Image Showing Red Algae.

Rhodophyta is also called as red algae and is name for their reddish colour due to their pigments phycoerythrin because this pigment reflects red light and absorbs blue light.

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Question number: 5

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Comment on the contractile vacuoles in Euglena. (Paper A Section A)

Explanation

Contractile vacuoles:

  • Contractile vacuole is a single vacuole and osmotically collected water and then is reformed by a progressive clotting of smaller vacuoles.
  • Contractile vacuoles protect a cell from absorbing too much water and potentially exploding by excreting excess water.

Contractile vacuoles in Euglena:

  • Euglena is single celled org

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Question number: 6

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Short Answer Question▾

Write in Short

Write a brief note on the advantage of diploid carposporophyte generation in red algae. (Paper A Section A)

Question number: 7

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2013

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write about the following: Algae as Bio-fertilizer (Paper 1, Section A)

Explanation

  • Blue green algae (BGA) are photoautotrophic, prokaryotic algae. They are free living and also known as cyanobacteria. It fixes the atmospheric nitrogen in moist soils. So BGA has been recommended as a Biofertilizer.

  • Biofertilizers are organisms that enrich the nutrient quality of soil.

  • Main sources of biofertilizers are bacteria, fungi,

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Question number: 8

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Advantage of diploid carposporophyte in red algae?

Explanation

  • In red alage Triphasic type of lifecyle is seen in red alage-

    • Haplobiontic Triphasic type

    • Diplobiontic Triphasic type

  • There are two diploid phase Carposporophyte and tetrasporophyte alternating with haploid gametophyte phase.

  • Male and female gametes fuse together to form zygote. further,

  • In alage like florideace the fertiliza

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Question number: 9

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Comment on contractile vacuoles in euglena.

Explanation

  • Contractile vacuole is vacuole type which expands and contract according to water availability inside the sell.

  • Its function is to regulate water concentration inside the cell.

  • A single cell organism lacking cell wall have contractile type of vacuole, which expand and contract itself to remove extra water from organism.

  • Point of con

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Question number: 10

» Cryptogams » Algae

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

What are the pigments that are found in red algae?

Explanation

  • Rhodophyceae commonly known as red algae, due to presence of red pigment. R-phycoethyrine is water soluble red pigment which is responsible for its red colour which mask ups the green chlorophyll a.

  • Along with r-phycoethyrine other photosynthesis pigments are also present in Rhodophyceae group of algae they are chlorophyll a, chlorophyll d,

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