Reading Comprehension-Moderately Difficult Passages (IAS (Admin.) Prelims CSAT Paper-II (Aptitude)): Questions 5 - 9 of 21

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Passage

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause. (2014)

Question number: 5 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia’s classmates were chatting because

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the teacher had no control over them.

b.

they were bored of the performances.

c.

it was their tum to act next.

d.

Cynthia did not act well.

Question number: 6 (2 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

The transformation that occurred during the audition refers to

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the nervousness of Cynthia.

b.

the surprise on the faces of her classmates.

c.

the eruption of the entire room in thunderous applause.

d.

the stunning performance of Cynthia.

Question number: 7 (3 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia’s knees were quaking because

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

she was very thin and weak.

b.

she was afraid of her classmates.

c.

she felt nervous and shy.

d.

the teacher scolded her.

Question number: 8 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia was afraid to stand on stage because

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

her stomach was churning.

b.

she felt her classmates may laugh at her.

c.

she lacked self-confidence.

d.

she did not like school plays.

Passage

The Himalayan ecosystem is highly vulnerable to damage, both due to geological reasons and on account of the stress caused by increased pressure of population, exploitation of natural resources and other related challenges. These aspects may be exacerbated due to the impact of climate change. It is possible that climate change may adversely impact the Himalayan ecosystem through increased temperature, altered precipitation patterns, episodes of drought and biotic influence. This would not only impact the very sustenance of the indigenous communities in uplands but also the life of downstream dwellers across the country and beyond. Therefore, there is an urgent need for giving special attention to sustain the Himalayan ecosystem. This would require conscious efforts for conserving all the representative systems.

Further, it needs to be emphasized that the endemics with restricted distribution, and most often with specialized habitat requirements, are among the most vulnerable elements. In this respect the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, with rich endemic diversity, is vulnerable to climate change. The threats include possible loss of genetic resources and species, habitats and concomitantly a decrease in ecosystem services. Therefore, conservation of endemic elements in representative ecosystems/habitats assumes a great significance while drawing conservation plans for the region.

Towards achieving the above, we will have to shift toward contemporary conservation approaches, which include a paradigm of landscape these items level interconnectivity between protected area systems. The concept advocates a shift from the species-habitat focus to an inclusive focus on expanding the biogeographic range so that natural adjustments to climate change can proceed without being restrictive. (2014)

Question number: 9 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

What is the most important message conveyed by the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Endemism is a characteristic feature of Himalayan region.

b.

Without Himalayan ecosystem, the life of the communities of uplands and downstream will have no sustenance.

c.

Climate change has adverse impact on the Himalayan ecosystem.

d.

Conservation efforts should emphasize on biogeographic ranges rather than on some species or habitats.

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