Logical Reasoning (IAS Prelims CSAT Paper-II (Aptitude)): Questions 8 - 11 of 11

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Passage

Climate change poses potentially devastating effects on India’s agriculture. While the overall parameters of climate change are increasingly accepted a 1 degree Celsius average temperature increase over the next 30 years, sea level rise of less than 10 cm in the same period, and regional monsoon variations and corresponding droughts - the impacts in India are likely to be quite site and crop specific. Some crops may respond favorably to the changing conditions, others may not. This emphasizes the need to promote agricultural research and create maximum flexibility in the system to permit adaptations.

The key ingredient for “drought proofing” is the managed recharge of aquifers. To ensure continued yields of important staple crops (e. g. wheat), it may also be necessary to shift the locations where these crops are grown, in response to temperature changes as well as to water availability. The latter will be a key factor in making long term investment decisions. For example, water runoff from the Himalayas is predicted to increase over the next 30 years as glaciers melt, but then decline substantially thereafter. It will be critical to provide incentives to plan for these large-scale shifts in agro-ecological conditions.

India needs to make long term investment in research and development in agriculture. India is likely to experience changed weather patterns in future. (2014)

Question number: 8 (1 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Inference

MCQ▾

Question

Climate change may force the shifting of locations of the existing crops due to

1. melting of glaciers.

2. water availability and temperature suitability at other locations.

3. poor productivity of crops.

4. wider adaptability of crop plants.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

1, 2 and 3

b.

1, 2, 3 and 4

c.

1 and 4 only

d.

2 and 3 only

Question number: 9 (2 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Inference

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, why is it important to promote agricultural research in India?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

To make long term investment decisions for economic growth

b.

To predict drought conditions and to recharge aquifers

c.

To predict variations in monsoon patterns and to manage water resources

d.

To facilitate wider adaptability of crops

Passage

It is easy for the government to control State-owned companies through nods and winks. So what really needs to be done as a first step is to put petrol pricing on a transparent formula - if the price of crude is x and the exchange rate y, then every month or fortnight, the government announces a maximum price of petrol, which anybody can work out from the x and the y. The rule has to be worked out to make sure that the oil-marketing companies can, in general, cover their costs. This will mean that if one company can innovate and cut costs, it will make greater profits. Hence, firms will be more prone to innovate and be efficient under this system. Once the rule is announced, there should be no interference by the government. If this is done for a while, private companies will re-enter this market. And once a sufficient number of them are in the fray, we can remove the rule-based pricing and leave it truly to the market (subject to, of course, the usual regulations of anti-trust and other competition laws). (2014)

Question number: 10 (1 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Inference

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, private oil companies re-enter the oil producing market if

1. a transparent rule-based petrol pricing exists.

2. there is no government interference in the oil producing market.

3. subsidies are given by the government.

4. regulations of anti-trust are removed.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

2 and 4

b.

2 and 3

c.

3 and 4

d.

1 and 2

Question number: 11 (2 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Inference

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, an oil company can make greater profits, if a transparent formula for petrol pricing is announced every fortnight or month, by

1. promoting its sales.

2. undertaking innovation.

3. cutting costs.

4. selling its equity shares at higher prices.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

1 only

b.

1, 2 and 4

c.

3 and 4

d.

2 and 3

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