Logical Reasoning (IAS Prelims CSAT Paper-II (Aptitude)): Questions 5 - 7 of 11

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Passage

It is essential that we mitigate the emissions of greenhouse gases and thus avoid some of the worst impacts of climate change that would take place in coming years and decades. Mitigation would require a major shift in the way we produce and consume energy. A shift away from overwhelming dependence on fossil fuels is now long overdue, but unfortunately, technological development has been slow and inadequate largely because government policies have not promoted investments in research and development, myopically as a result of relatively low prices of oil. It is now, therefore, imperative for a country like India treating the opportunity of harnessing renewable energy on a large scale as a national imperative. This country is extremely well endowed with solar, wind and biomass sources of energy. Where we have lagged, unfortunately, is in our ability to develop and to create technological solutions for harnessing these resources.

One particular trajectory for carrying out stringent mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly shows the need for ensuring that global emissions of greenhouse gases peak no later than 2015 and reduce rapidly thereafter. The cost associated with such a trajectory is truly modest and would amount, in the estimation of IPCC, to not more than 3 percent of the global GDP in 2030. In other words, the level of prosperity that the world would have reached without mitigation would at worst be postponed by a few months or a year at the most. This is clearly not a very high price to pay for protecting hundreds of millions of people from the worst risks associated with climate change. Any such effort, however, would require lifestyles to change appropriately also. Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions is not a mere technological fix, and clearly requires changes in lifestyles and transformation of a country’s economic structure, whereby effective reduction in emissions is brought about, such as through the consumption of much lower quantities of animal protein. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has determined that the emissions from the livestock sector amount to 18 percent of the total. The reduction of emissions from this source is entirely in the hands of human beings, who have never questioned the impacts that their dietary habits of consuming more and more animal protein are bringing about. Mitigation overall has huge co-benefits, such as lower air pollution and health benefits, higher energy security and greater employment. (2014)

Question number: 5 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Theme Detection

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, which of the following would help in the mitigation of greenhouse gases?

1. Reducing the consumption of meat

2. Rapid economic liberalization

3. Reducing the consumerism

4. Modern management practices of livestock

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

1, 2 and 3

b.

2, 3 and 4

c.

1 and 3 only

d.

2 and 4 only

Question number: 6

» Logical Reasoning » Inference

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

“Liberty, therefore, is never real unless the Government can be called to account when it invades rights. ” Which one of the following is the best justification of the above statement?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

In a decentralized society wherein the basic needs of men can find satisfaction

b.

In identifying a man as a political unit in a way which distinguishes him from other citizens

c.

In the realization that the government can be brought to book in a court of law

d.

In the understanding that liberty and restraints are complementary

Question number: 7

» Logical Reasoning » Based on Assumptions

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

“If the political leadership fails to emerge, there is likelihood of military taking over power in developing countries. Radical student groups or labor may try to raise revolution but they are not likely to compete with the military. Military intervention, rule, and Withdrawal from politics is closely related to a society’s level of political development. ”

In the context of political development, the assumption in the above passage is that

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

military fills in political vacuum.

b.

military intervention is inevitable for development.

c.

political leadership is not an effective instrument.

d.

All of the above

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