IAS Prelims CSAT Paper-II (Aptitude): Questions 27 - 32 of 95

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Passage

Cynthia was a shy girl. She believed that she was plain and untalented. One day her teacher ordered the entire class to show up for audition for the school play. Cynthia nearly died of fright when she was told that she would have to stand on stage in front of the entire class and deliver dialogues. The mere thought of it made her feel sick. But a remarkable transformation occurred during the audition. A thin, shy girl, her knees quaking, her stomach churning in terror, began to stun everyone with her excellent performance. Her bored classmates suddenly stopped their noisy chat to stare at her slender figure on the stage. At the end of her audition, the entire room erupted in thunderous applause. (2014)

Question number: 27 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia was afraid to stand on stage because

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

her stomach was churning.

b.

she felt her classmates may laugh at her.

c.

she lacked self-confidence.

d.

she did not like school plays.

Question number: 28 (2 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia’s classmates were chatting because

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

the teacher had no control over them.

b.

they were bored of the performances.

c.

it was their tum to act next.

d.

Cynthia did not act well.

Question number: 29 (3 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

The transformation that occurred during the audition refers to

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

the nervousness of Cynthia.

b.

the surprise on the faces of her classmates.

c.

the eruption of the entire room in thunderous applause.

d.

the stunning performance of Cynthia.

Question number: 30 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

Cynthia’s knees were quaking because

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

she was very thin and weak.

b.

she was afraid of her classmates.

c.

she felt nervous and shy.

d.

the teacher scolded her.

Passage

It is essential that we mitigate the emissions of greenhouse gases and thus avoid some of the worst impacts of climate change that would take place in coming years and decades. Mitigation would require a major shift in the way we produce and consume energy. A shift away from overwhelming dependence on fossil fuels is now long overdue, but unfortunately, technological development has been slow and inadequate largely because government policies have not promoted investments in research and development, myopically as a result of relatively low prices of oil. It is now, therefore, imperative for a country like India treating the opportunity of harnessing renewable energy on a large scale as a national imperative. This country is extremely well endowed with solar, wind and biomass sources of energy. Where we have lagged, unfortunately, is in our ability to develop and to create technological solutions for harnessing these resources.

One particular trajectory for carrying out stringent mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly shows the need for ensuring that global emissions of greenhouse gases peak no later than 2015 and reduce rapidly thereafter. The cost associated with such a trajectory is truly modest and would amount, in the estimation of IPCC, to not more than 3 percent of the global GDP in 2030. In other words, the level of prosperity that the world would have reached without mitigation would at worst be postponed by a few months or a year at the most. This is clearly not a very high price to pay for protecting hundreds of millions of people from the worst risks associated with climate change. Any such effort, however, would require lifestyles to change appropriately also. Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions is not a mere technological fix, and clearly requires changes in lifestyles and transformation of a country’s economic structure, whereby effective reduction in emissions is brought about, such as through the consumption of much lower quantities of animal protein. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has determined that the emissions from the livestock sector amount to 18 percent of the total. The reduction of emissions from this source is entirely in the hands of human beings, who have never questioned the impacts that their dietary habits of consuming more and more animal protein are bringing about. Mitigation overall has huge co-benefits, such as lower air pollution and health benefits, higher energy security and greater employment. (2014)

Question number: 31 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Theme Detection

MCQ▾

Question

What is the essential message of the passage?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

People must change their lifestyle

b.

We continue to depend on fossil fuels heavily

c.

Mitigation of the greenhouse gases is imperative

d.

We must invest in research and development

Question number: 32 (2 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Logical Reasoning » Theme Detection

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, how does the mitigation of greenhouse gases help us?

1. Reduces expenditure on public health

2. Reduces dependence on livestock

3. Reduces energy requirements

4. Reduces rate of global climate change

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

1, 3 and 4

b.

1, 2 and 3

c.

2, 3 and 4

d.

1 and 4 only

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