IAS (Admin.) Prelims CSAT Paper-II (Aptitude): Questions 62 - 65 of 405

Get 1 year subscription: Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 405 questions. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 300.00 or

Passage

The Himalayan ecosystem is highly vulnerable to damage, both due to geological reasons and on account of the stress caused by increased pressure of population, exploitation of natural resources and other related challenges. These aspects may be exacerbated due to the impact of climate change. It is possible that climate change may adversely impact the Himalayan ecosystem through increased temperature, altered precipitation patterns, episodes of drought and biotic influence. This would not only impact the very sustenance of the indigenous communities in uplands but also the life of downstream dwellers across the country and beyond. Therefore, there is an urgent need for giving special attention to sustain the Himalayan ecosystem. This would require conscious efforts for conserving all the representative systems.

Further, it needs to be emphasized that the endemics with restricted distribution, and most often with specialized habitat requirements, are among the most vulnerable elements. In this respect the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot, with rich endemic diversity, is vulnerable to climate change. The threats include possible loss of genetic resources and species, habitats and concomitantly a decrease in ecosystem services. Therefore, conservation of endemic elements in representative ecosystems/habitats assumes a great significance while drawing conservation plans for the region.

Towards achieving the above, we will have to shift toward contemporary conservation approaches, which include a paradigm of landscape these items level interconnectivity between protected area systems. The concept advocates a shift from the species-habitat focus to an inclusive focus on expanding the biogeographic range so that natural adjustments to climate change can proceed without being restrictive. (2014)

Question number: 62 (3 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

MCQ▾

Question

With reference to the passage, the following assumptions have been made:

1. To maintain natural ecosystems, exploitation of natural resources should be completely avoided.

2. Not only anthropogenic but also natural reasons can adversely affect ecosystems.

3. Loss of endemic diversity leads to the extinction of ecosystems.

Which of the above assumptions is/are correct?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

3 only

b.

2 only

c.

2 and 3

d.

1 and 2

Question number: 63

» Abstract (Diagrammatic) Reasoning » Fitting Pieces

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Examine the following figure: Which one of the following figures has the above figure embedded in it?

Finding the exact match in the choices

Finding the Exact Match in the Choices

Finding the exact match of the given figure in the choices

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

a

b.

b

c.

c

d.

d

Question number: 64

» Coding-Decoding » Based on Letter Coding

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

The letters L, M, N, 0, P, Q, R, S and T in their order are substituted by nine integers 1 to 9 but not in order. 4 is assigned to P. The difference between P and T is 5. The difference between N and T is 3. What is the integer assigned to N?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

7

b.

6

c.

5

d.

4

Passage

Many nations now place their faith in capitalism and governments choose it as the strategy to create wealth for their people. The spectacular economic growth seen in Brazil, China and India after the liberalization of their economies is proof of its enormous potential and success. However, the global banking crisis and the economic recession have left many bewildered. The debates tend to focus on free market operations and forces, their efficiency and their ability for self-correction. Issues of justice, integrity and honesty are rarely elaborated to highlight the failure of the global banking system. The apologists of the system continue to justify the success of capitalism and argue that the recent crisis was a blip. Their arguments betray an “ideological bias” with the assumptions that an unregulated market is fair and competent, and that the exercise of private greed will be in the larger public interest.

Few recognize the bidirectional relationship between capitalism and greed; that each reinforces the other. Surely, a more honest conceptualization of the conflicts of interest among the rich and powerful players who have benefited from the system, their biases and ideology is needed; the focus on the wealth creation should also highlight the resultant gross inequity. (2014)

Question number: 65 (1 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Decision Making and Problem Solving » Decision Making

MCQ▾

Question

“The exercise of private greed will be in the larger public interest” from the passage

1. refers to the false ideology of capitalism.

2. underlies the righteous claims of the free market.

3. shows the benevolent face of capitalism.

4. ignores resultant gross inequity.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

2 and 3

b.

1 and 4

c.

1 only

d.

4 only

f Page
Sign In