Systems of Kinship [Optionals IAS Mains Sociology]: Questions 1 - 9 of 30

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Question 1

Systems of Kinship
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Analyze the contemporary trends in family with examples. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Contemporary Trends in Family

  • ‘The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adults’ .
  • The family, unlike other institu…

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Question 2

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

To what extent is patriarchy a cause for the problems of women? Discuss. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Patriarchy and the Problems of Women

  • Gender refers to socially constructed aspects of differences between men and women.
  • Its scope includes within its ambit:
    • Individual identity and personality
    • At symbolic level, it extends to cultural ideas, stereotypes of masculinity and feminity.
    • At structural level, it extends to sexual division of labor in organiza…

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Question 3

Systems of Kinship
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Critically examine the functionalist views on the institution of family. How do those-help us in understanding family in the present times? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Functionalist Views on the Institution of Family

  • According to the functionalists like George Peter Murdock, in his ‘Social structure, 1949’ , family is viewed as a universal social institution as it existed in all kinds of societies from hunting gathering to industrial societies. He defines family as ‘The family is a social group characterized by co…

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Question 4

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Analyze the gender bias in the present society with examples.

Explanation

Gender Bias in the Present Society

  • Natural inequalities are those which are given to man by nature by virtue of his birth and heredity. Colour, sex, height etc. are the manifestation of natural inequalities. When social privileges and opportunities are differently distributed on natural inequalities, it gives rise to growth of social inequalities. T…

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Question 5

Systems of Kinship
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Discuss the contemporary trends in family as a response to social change in modern society. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Contemporary Trends in Family and Social Change in Modern Society

  • ‘The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adult…

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Question 6

Systems of Kinship
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Distinguish between family and household as sociological concepts. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Family and Household as Sociological Concepts

  • Family is a basic social institution of the Indian society.
  • Due to lack of uniform definitions of the concept of ‘joint’ (extended) and ‘nuclear’ (conjugal) family, A. M. Shah gave the concept of ‘household’ , to conceptually clarify the composition of the family. .
  • In his field – study in Gujarat, A. M. S…

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Question 7

Systems of Kinship
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Examine the relationship between the contemporary trends in marriage and changing form of family.

Explanation

Relationship between the Contemporary Trends in Marriage and Changing Form of Family

  • The institution of marriage is the term used for the social approval given to sexual relations between 2 individuals. Marriage helps in providing a way to regulate reproduction and sexual relationship in the society, among other functions that it serves. Marriage is…

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Question 8

Systems of Kinship
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Discuss the importance of lineage and descent in kinship and family. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Importance of Lineage and Descent in Kinship and Family

  • Descent is the system of acknowledged social parentage, which varies from society to society, whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another. The practical importance of descent comes from its use as a means for one person to assert rights, duties, privileges, or status in relation to ano…

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Question 9

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

What do you understand by gender? How does it shape ‘male’ identity? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Gender and Male Identity

  • Gender refers to socially constructed aspects of differences between men and women.
  • Its scope includes within its ambit:
    • Individual identity and personality
    • At symbolic level, it extends to cultural ideas, stereotypes of masculinity and feminity.
    • At structural level, it extends to sexual division of labor in organization and ins…

… (554 more words) …