Social Changes in India [Optionals IAS Mains Sociology]: Questions 1 - 12 of 93

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 503 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 1000.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 1

Social Changes in India
Population Size, Growth
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

There are tendencies in some parts of the country to discriminate against the immigrants. Briefly analyze the factors which give rise to the politics of “nativism” .

Explanation

Factors Giving Rise to the Politics of Nativism

  • Nativism is, primarily, a social, political, psychological and linguistic term. The concept of nativism consists of 2 constituents held together in a dialectical relationship: the self and the others; where the self and others are seen differently.
  • Nativism is that form of ethnic identity that seeks to …

… (400 more words) …

Question 2

Social Changes in India
Ageing, Sex Ratios
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How Fertility and sex-ratio are related to each other?

Explanation

Fertility and Sex-Ratio

  • Fertility refers to “ability of couples to reproduce off-springs” . On a social scale, determinants of fertility are multidimensional.
  • Ranging from religious or cultural factors to various other social, economic, scientific and technological advancements are the controlling elements behind fertility.
  • Though fertility, in compar…

… (338 more words) …

Question 3

Social Changes in India
Backward Classes & Dalit Movements
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Dalit Capitalism

Explanation

Dalit Capitalism

  • Dalit capitalism was coined by activist Chandra Bhan Prasad and he defined as capitalism is seen as a solution for the upliftment and emancipation of Dalits.
  • The Government has taken following steps to promote Dalit Capitalism.
  • National Schedule Caste Finance and Development Corporation offers loans to the SC Community for Entrepreneu…

… (210 more words) …

Question 4

Social Changes in India
Slums and Deprivation in Urban Areas
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain the Impact of urbanization on the caste system?

Explanation

Impact of Urbanization on the Caste System

  • Scholars like Hemlata Acharya and D. A. Chekki have pointed out both change as well as continuity in caste and kinship networks in urban India. A person in a city derives his status not only from caste but also from other considerations. Broadly, it can be said that caste identity tends to diminish with urb…

… (434 more words) …

Question 5

Social Changes in India
Political Parties, Pressure Groups
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write a short note on “Decentralization of power and political participation” .

Explanation

Decentralization of Power and Political Participation

  • Decentralization or decentralization is the process of redistributing or dispersing functions/powers away from a central location or authority.
  • Political decentralization aims to give citizens or their elected representatives more power in public decision-making. It is often associated with plural…

… (232 more words) …

Question 6

Social Changes in India
Social and Political Elite
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain “New Rural Elite” .

Explanation

New Rural Elite

  • Relative enhancement in the standard of education and awareness amongst rural youth have enabled new category of rural elites to come in reckoning, replacing the old guard. This new rural elite are not confined to higher caste, higher status on wealth. They possess the tremendous potential to reinvigorate rural local governance.
  • The t…

… (244 more words) …

Question 7

Social Changes in India
Ethnicity and Identity Movements
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Briefly discuss the concept of Ethno-nationalism along with suitable examples (Paper-2)

Explanation

Concept of Ethno-Nationalism

  • Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the “nation” is defined in terms of ethnicity.
  • The central theme of ethnic nationalists is that “nations are defined by a shared heritage, which usually includes a common language, a common faith, and a common ethnic ancestry” .
  • It also i…

… (192 more words) …

Question 8

Social Changes in India
Poverty, Deprivation and Inequalities
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the dimension of gender inequality in the informal and formal sector of work.

Explanation

Gender Inequality

  • From a long time women has been restricted to household work and child care activities.
  • It has led to dependency of women on men leading to stratification based on gender which restrict a woman from realising he full potential.
  • As women are late comer in the modern employment, they face many inequalities both in formal and informal s…

… (271 more words) …

Question 9

Social Changes in India
Caste Conflicts
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Dimensions of inter-caste conflict in India

Explanation

Dimensions of Inter-Caste Conflict in India

  • Yogendra Singh in Social Transformation of Indian Society gives how ideology, structure and culture of Indian society is facing tension from various agents of social changes – Law, Economy, Planned Development, Technology.
  • Tensions generated by this agents are leading to the process of restructuring of Indi…

… (363 more words) …

Question 10

Social Changes in India
Peasants and Farmers Movements
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Grassroots movements following Gandhian non-violent tradition are expanding in India. Substantiate.

Explanation

Grassroots Movements Following Gandhian Non-Violent Tradition

  • There have been several movements around the world, as well as in India to save the environment and the lives that are dependent on it. There have been several strategies being adopted by these grassroots environmental movements, which includes Gandhian traditions, militaristic traditions…

… (397 more words) …

Question 11

Social Changes in India
Peasants and Farmers Movements
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Herbert Blumer՚s perspective on Social movement

Explanation

Herbert Blumer՚S Perspective on Social Movement

  • Social movements are defined as “collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions” . The main characteristics of social movements are; David Aberele has given a ‘four - fold classification’ of social movements:
    • Transfo…

… (915 more words) …

Question 12

Social Changes in India
Ethnic Conflicts
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is ‘Ethnic Nationalism’ ? Discuss Ethno-nationalism in the Indian context with suitable examples.

Explanation

Ethnic Nationalism in the Indian Context

  • Ethnic identity is a basis for distribution of social rewards like money, prestige and power.
  • In most societies one or more ethnic groups dominate others in economic, political and cultural matters. Ethnic politics can, therefore, take the appearance of ‘ethnic stratification’ , resulting in the emergence of ‘…

… (120 more words) …