Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 61 - 69 of 503

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Question 61

Historical Materialism
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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Evaluate Marx՚s ideas on mode of production. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Marx՚S Ideas on Mode of Production

  • Mode of production is the term which Marx uses for a particular social formation or society.
  • It is uniquely defined in terms of a particular ‘force of production’ and ‘relations of production’ in a materialistic context. Every mode of production has centrality of one thing.
  • Marx has conceptualized the society in term…

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Question 62

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Examine the role of pressure groups in parliamentary democracy. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Role of Pressure Groups in Parliamentary Democracy

  • Pressure groups are a collection of individuals who hold a similar set of values and beliefs based on ethnicity, religion, political philosophy, or a common goal.
  • Based on these beliefs, they take action to promote change and further their goals. Unlike political parties, pressure groups do not aim t…

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Question 63

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Is sociology common sense? Give reasons in support of your argument. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sociology as a Common Sense

  • Sociology as a ‘body of knowledge’ , like other natural and social sciences gives specific attention to the underlying ‘causality’ , of any social phenomena. Common sense knowledge, is ‘practical and fragmentary and incoherent’ in nature and relies on perceptions formed without any reference to ‘scientific methods of caus…

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Question 64

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Elaborate the main tenets of interpretative perspective in sociology.

Explanation

Main Tenets of Interpretative Perspective in Sociology

  • Weber in his approach tries to build a bridge between positivist approach and extreme form of interactionism. According to Weber, social reality is characterized by the presence of Geist or consciousness. Due to the presence of consciousness people ascribe meanings to the situation around them w…

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Question 65

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Explain “New Rural Elite” .

Explanation

New Rural Elite

  • Relative enhancement in the standard of education and awareness amongst rural youth have enabled new category of rural elites to come in reckoning, replacing the old guard. This new rural elite are not confined to higher caste, higher status on wealth. They possess the tremendous potential to reinvigorate rural local governance.
  • The t…

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Question 66

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Briefly discuss the concept of Ethno-nationalism along with suitable examples (Paper-2)

Explanation

Concept of Ethno-Nationalism

  • Ethnic nationalism, also known as ethno-nationalism, is a form of nationalism wherein the “nation” is defined in terms of ethnicity.
  • The central theme of ethnic nationalists is that “nations are defined by a shared heritage, which usually includes a common language, a common faith, and a common ethnic ancestry” .
  • It also i…

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Question 67

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“Sociology and political science are so closely and deeply related to each other that one becomes meaningless without the other” . Analyze. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Sociology and Political Science

  • Sociology is the fundamental social science, which studies man՚s social life as a whole and attempts to discover the facts and the laws of life as a whole. Political science, on the other hand, is concerned with the political life of a man, which is one part of his total life.
  • Sociology is the science of society wherea…

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Question 68

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“Globalization has pushed the labour into informal organization of work.” Substantiate your answer with suitable examples. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Globalization and Informal Organization of Work

  • Globalization means gradual integration of economies through free movement of goods, services and capital. This has had significant impacts on economies of both developed and developing countries. In India, economic liberalization happened in 1991 and nothing has remained same ever since.
  • It led to a su…

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Question 69

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Discuss the changing interface between state and civil society in post-independent India.

Explanation

Interface between State and Civil Society in Post-Independent India

  • The term “civil society” evokes many meanings in the modern era — a mediating realm between the individual and the state, the worlds of non -profit associations and philanthropy, the network of international NGOs, social relations of mutual respect, and, many others. Common to all o…

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