Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 52 - 60 of 503

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Question 52

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

Analyze the contemporary trends in family with examples. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Contemporary Trends in Family

  • ‘The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adults’ .
  • The family, unlike other institu…

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Question 53

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Power and authority go together. Examine. Explain the various types of authority also.

Explanation

Power and Authority

  • Power: As Max Weber said power is the ability to exercise one՚s will over other. Power affects more than personal relationships, it shapes larger dynamics like social groups, professional organisation and government.
  • Authority: It refers to accepted power that is power that people agree to follow. People listen to authority figure…

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Question 54

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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To what extent is patriarchy a cause for the problems of women? Discuss. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Patriarchy and the Problems of Women

  • Gender refers to socially constructed aspects of differences between men and women.
  • Its scope includes within its ambit:
    • Individual identity and personality
    • At symbolic level, it extends to cultural ideas, stereotypes of masculinity and feminity.
    • At structural level, it extends to sexual division of labor in organiza…

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Question 55

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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“No society can either be absolutely open or absolutely closed.” comment.

Explanation

Society Absolutely Open or Absolutely Closed

  • Open systems are those systems which offer free mobility from one stratum to another and there are no barriers which cannot be overcome. Modern societies are considered such open systems, at least theoretically, as one may reach to any social position by dint of one՚s hard work, skill, knowledge and effor…

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Question 56

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Critically analyse Talcott Parsons conception of pattern variable ′ .

Explanation

Talcott Parson՚S Conception of Pattern Variable

  • Role being the most important element of the social system. Its performance generates forces of strain and tension. The extent of strain depends on the way role expectations are institutionalized in the society and also on the degree of values of role expectations which are internalised by an actor.
  • In …

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Question 57

Political Parties, Pressure Groups
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Write a short note on “Decentralization of power and political participation” .

Explanation

Decentralization of Power and Political Participation

  • Decentralization or decentralization is the process of redistributing or dispersing functions/powers away from a central location or authority.
  • Political decentralization aims to give citizens or their elected representatives more power in public decision-making. It is often associated with plural…

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Question 58

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Critically examine the functionalist views on the institution of family. How do those-help us in understanding family in the present times? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Functionalist Views on the Institution of Family

  • According to the functionalists like George Peter Murdock, in his ‘Social structure, 1949’ , family is viewed as a universal social institution as it existed in all kinds of societies from hunting gathering to industrial societies. He defines family as ‘The family is a social group characterized by co…

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Question 59

Social Stratification of Gender
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Is male authority absent in matrilineal society? Discuss.

Explanation

Male Authority and Matrilineal Society

  • Patriarchy operates through multiple structures like — production relations in the household where women is subjected to unpaid labor, discriminatory allocation of occupations in labor market, capture of political power by patriarchs, male violence which is often patterned and systematic, patriarchal relations …

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Question 60

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Analyze the gender bias in the present society with examples.

Explanation

Gender Bias in the Present Society

  • Natural inequalities are those which are given to man by nature by virtue of his birth and heredity. Colour, sex, height etc. are the manifestation of natural inequalities. When social privileges and opportunities are differently distributed on natural inequalities, it gives rise to growth of social inequalities. T…

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