Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 467 - 472 of 503

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Question 467

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Discuss the relevance of feminist methodology in sociological research.

Explanation

Feminist Methodology in Sociological Research

  • Feminist sociology emerged during 1960s as a radical alternative and offered distinctive gender based explanations. It emphasizes centrality of gender in social change. According to them, social reality is viewed differently by the two sexes.
  • Feminist methodology emerged as a response to the missing gende

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Question 468

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The ideal type is one of Webers best known contribution to contemporary sociology. Critically examine.

Explanation

Ideal Type of Webers

  • The ideal type is one of Webers best known contributions to contemporary sociology. It occupies a very important place in his methodology. Weber believed, it was the responsibility of sociologists to develop conceptual tools. The most important of such conceptual tool is the ideal type.
  • Weber used Ideal type in a specific sense.

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Question 469

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Sorokin sees the course of history as a continuous but irregular fluctuation between two basically different kinds of culture. While explaining this stand of Sorokin, analyze whether it is appropriate to characterize such a notion of change as a cyclical theory of social change.

Explanation

Sorokin as a Cyclical Theory of Social Change

  • Sorokin in Social and Cultural Dynamics, attempted to develop a full explanatory scheme for social and cultural change. He tries to provide a panoramic survey of the course of all human societies and cultures, supported by a series of general propositions to illuminate the historical variation in sociocu

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Question 470

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Discuss the role of backward class movements in strengthening the process of social mobility among lower castes. (marks-15)

Explanation

Role of Backward Class Movements in Strengthening the Process of Social Mobility Among Lower Castes

  • Sociologically, Backward Classes consists of a large number of backward castes which remain above the Scheduled Castes & below upper castes. In other words, these castes consist of the intermediate castes — cultivating castes, artisans & service caste

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Question 471

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Education is as an important tool for empowerment of scheduled tribes. In this context, critically examine the challenges faced in providing education to tribals. (marks-10)

Explanation

Education an Important Tool for Empowerment of Scheduled Tribes

  • Education is directly related to the development of an individual and community. It is the most important single factor for the economic development as well as social emancipation. For the weaker sections of the society, education has a special significance because for a number of centu

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Question 472

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On one hand stringent laws are passed to curb the incidences of violence against women whereas on the other hand these laws have been misused by many women. Explain this paradox in the context of Indian society.

Explanation

Laws for Women and their Misuse

  • Violence against women is a major issue that India is dealing with; hence several laws have been enacted to curb such incidences of violence against women.
  • Stringent laws include the Domestic violence act, Dowry Prohibition Act etc.
  • All these laws are gender biased, and provide for stringent punishment for men.

Need for

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