Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 441 - 448 of 503

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Question 441

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“To teach the theory of the state to men who have not learn the first principle of sociology is like teaching astronomy or thermodynamics to men who have not learnt Newton’s laws of Motion”. In the context of this statement, examine the relation between Political science and Sociology.

Explanation

Relation between Political Science and Sociology

  • Sociology and political science are different streams of social sciences, which are overlapping yet distinct. Both the streams are dependent on each other, and it has been widely argued that sociology and sociological concepts are an important part of political science.
  • Thus, political science as a dis

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Question 442

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The recent farmer agitations across the country is expected to be the beginning of one of the most significant farers movement in the history of India. In this context, discuss the reasons that have brought the farmers to their present state of desperation.

Explanation

The Recent Farmer Agitations

  • There has been an increase in the number as well as intensity of farmer’s agitation across the country, especially in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Many farmers have come out on the streets to protest against the government policies, and asking for attention of the government to improve their position.

The Major Reasons

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Question 443

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Critically discuss Value-added theory with respect to the social movements.

Explanation

Value-added Theory and Social Movements

  • Social movements are defined as collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions. Social movements are an evident feature of the contemporary world and scholars suggest that we may be moving towards a global social movement s

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Question 444

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Forms of Family in contemporary societies.

Explanation

Forms of Family in Contemporary Societies

  • It has generally been assumed that a single type of family is dominant in any particular era. Modern industrial societies are characterised by nuclear families, elementary or modified. However, recent research has suggested that such societies are characterized by a plurality or diversity of household and fa

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Question 445

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Examine the factors that influence the choice of research topic. (marks-15)

Explanation

Factors Influencing the Choice of Research Topic

  • The choice of research topic is very crucial for the researcher, and it is influenced by multiple factors.
  • There are personal interests and values of the researchers, theoretical aspects, practical aspects, ethical factors, nature of topic which is to be studied, funding for the research and the societ

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Question 446

The Idea of Indian Village and Village Studies
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Indian Villages have been perceived as politically autonomous and economically self-sufficient. Comment. (marks-25)

Explanation

Indian Villages as Politically Autonomous and Economically Self-Sufficient

  • The idea of the Indian village as represented in the earlier writings of the colonial administrators, was one of an inner world, with communal ownership of land, social harmony, patriarchal in governance, and surrounded by hostile other villages. According to the colonial und

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Question 447

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Discuss the socio-economic profile of Indian slums.

Explanation

Socio-Economic Profile of Indian Slums

  • The definition of the term slum includes the traditional meaning — that is, housing areas that were once respectable or even desirable, but which have since deteriorated as the original dwellers have moved to new and better areas of the cities. The condition of old houses has then declined, and the units have b

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Question 448

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A fact is regarded as an empirically verifiable observation whereas a theory refers to the relationship between facts or to the ordering of them in some meaningful way. “Discuss.

Explanation

Fact and Theory

  • A fact is something which actually exists, and is accepted as the reality. Whereas theory is a supposition or a system of ideas which are intended to explain something based on general principles.
  • A theory is facts assembled, put in an order, and seen in a relevant relationship. After coming to the stage of generalisation, one takes a

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