Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 431 - 440 of 503

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Question 431

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Define Rationality according to Weber. How has Weber used the concept of Rationality as a process & methodological tool in his thought?

Explanation

Rationality According to Weber

  • Weber views Rationality as a process of rationalization of social system. This takes place through the emergence of rational organization and institutions in human society. He also finds the reflection of the process of Rationalisation in human values, beliefs, thoughts and actions. Here he locates the emergence of ele…

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Question 432

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Economic life is embedded in social life. Critically analyze. (marks - 10)

Explanation

Economic Life and Social Life

  • Economics deals with the economic activities of man. It deals with production, consumption and distribution of wealth. The economic factors play a vital role in every aspect of our social life. Total development of individual depends very much on economic factors. Every economic change say industrialization brings many …

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Question 433

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Explain the Advantages and disadvantages of questionnaire

Explanation

A Questionnaire

  • A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents.
  • Although they are often designed for statistical analysis of the responses, this is not always the case.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Questionnaire

  • They are cheap, and don՚t require…

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Question 434

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Critically discuss the concept of Cult of the Individual. (marks-10m)

Explanation

Concept of Cult of the Individual

  • In his writing ‘The division of labour’ , Durkheim makes a distinction between mechanical and organic solidarity.
  • He argues that with increasing division of labour, a sense of individuality is growing, which is leading to weakening of collective conscience and helping in better integration of society.
  • Durkheim recogni…

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Question 435

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Women՚s movement in the colonial period (marks-12.5)

Explanation

Colonial Period and Women՚S Movement

  • Social movement has been defined as an organised effort by a group of people either to bring or resist change in the society. Women՚s movement, is an important variant of social movement in the sense that it aims to bring changes in the institutional arrangements, values, customs and beliefs in the society that h…

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Question 436

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Explain how disparities in education has kept many sections of the Indian society, beyond the boundaries of developmental efforts. (marks-20)

Explanation

Disparities in Education

  • Importance of education in the development: Education has its own intrinsic value. It is important in itself. An educated person can understand, analyse and participate efficiently in the market. An educated person is more confident to face poverty. A literate woman has better knowledge of health and family planning. It deve…

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Question 437

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The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles. Critically comment on this Marxian thesis.

Explanation

History of Hitherto Existing Societies and Marxian Thesis

  • Karl Marx developed his theory of class-struggle in his analysis and critique of the capitalist society. According to Marx the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. He viewed class struggle as the driving force of social change in society. The class war h…

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Question 438

Problems of Rural Labour, Bondage, Migration
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Write a short note on bonded labour

Explanation

Bonded Labour

  • In traditional Hindu society, the main objectives of marriage were believed to be: dharma, progeny, and pleasure.
  • The primary objective is dharma, thus there was little idea of individual interest in Hindu marriage.
  • It is considered as a social duty towards family and community.
  • Hindu marriage is considered as sacred: due to performance o…

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Question 439

Features of Caste System
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The Varna scheme has distorted the picture of caste. Comment. (marks-10)

Explanation

Varna Scheme and the Picture of Caste

  • Caste and Varna are two separate concepts. Senart, for the first time, brought out the conceptual difference between these two terms.
  • The Varna system, divides society into four varnas (or four orders or classes) . The division is based on division of labour. It divides the Hindu society into four orders, viz. , …

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Question 440

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Critically analyze role of Education as a medium of cultural reproduction & agency of social transformation. (marks-15)

Explanation

Role of Education as a Medium of Cultural Reproduction & Agency of Social Transformation

  • The major role of the education system, according to Bourdieu, is Cultural Reproduction i.e.. reproduction of the culture of the dominant classes. The dominant groups have the power to impose meanings and to impose them as legitimate. They are able to define the…

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