Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 424 - 430 of 503

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Question 424

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Sub-cultural theories of Deviance

Explanation

Sub-Cultural Theories of Deviance

  • A Subculture is a group that has values that are different to the mainstream culture.
  • Sub-cultural theorists argue that deviance is the result of whole groups breaking off from society who have deviant values (subcultures) and deviance is a result of these individuals conforming to the values and norms of the subcult…

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Question 425

Regionalism and Decentralization of Power
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The resurgence of regionalism in various parts of the country has emerged as a threat to unity and integrity of the nation. In the light of this statement, critically analyze the reasons for its emergence and how such divisive tendencies needs to be addressed. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Reasons for Emergence of Regionalism

  • Nativism is, primarily, a social, political, psychological and linguistic term.
  • The concept of nativism consists of 2 constituents held together in a dialectical relationship: the self and the others. Where the self and others are seen differently.
  • Nativism is that form of ethnic identity that seeks to exclude thos…

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Question 426

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Examine the impact of information technology on social organization of work in contemporary society.

Explanation

Impact of Information Technology on Social Organization

  • As industrialization has progressed, technology has assumed a very important role at the workplace, from factory mechanization to the computerisation of office work. The information technology revolution the current application of technology, has impacted the experience of workers and attitudes…

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Question 427

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Social Media has become a platform for communal interest articulation and it is a pointer to the fact that there is enough space in India for rise of communalism as collectivism still continues to define the value structure. Discuss.

Explanation

Social Media and Communal Interest Articulation

  • Social Media can be defined as any web or mobile based platform that enables an individual or agency to communicate interactively and enables exchange of user generated content and it is explained by a number of tools, which includes blogs, Wikis, discussion forums, micro-blogs, twitter and social netw…

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Question 428

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Critically analyze the impact of communalism on the plural social fabric of Indian society. (marks-20)

Explanation

Impact of Communalism on the Plural Social Fabric of Indian Society

  • Bipan Chandra defines communalism as a belief that the secular interests (social, political and economic) of a given community are common. It can be of two forms i.e.. moderate and virulent. Moderate form of communalism means that the secular interests of two different communities a…

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Question 429

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Evaluate Max Weber՚s theory of religion as a factor of social change. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Max Weber՚S Theory of Religion as a Factor of Social Change

  • Religion may be a factor that impedes social change or it may help to produce it. According to the Functionalists, Marxists and Feminists religion acts as a conservative force and it is changes in society that shape religion.
  • From the functionalist perspective, religion provides shared belie…

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Question 430

Idea of Development Planning and Mixed Economy
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Middle class has been taken as the cornerstone of a stable democracy. Discuss in context of Indian society.

Explanation

Middle Class the Cornerstone of a Stable Democracy

  • India is the largest democratic country in the world. Democracy is defined as a government of the people, by the people and for the people. Indian democracy include people from all strata from upper middle to lower class. Middle class constitute the major part of Indian democracy regarding its numbe…

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