Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 407 - 414 of 503

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Question 407

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Examine the concept of Ideal type and its limitations. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Concept of Ideal Type

  • In Weber՚s words ″ An ideal type is formed by the one sided accentuation of one or more points of view and by the synthesis of a great many diffused, discrete, more or less present and vocationally absent concrete individual phenomenon, which are arranged according to those one snidely emphasized viewpoints into an unified anal…

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Question 408

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Methodological pluralism

Explanation

Methodological Pluralism

  • In Sociological research, combining different methods is referred to as ‘Methodological pluralism.’ Mostly, researchers rely on one method, associated with one of the ‘two research traditions’ , but many a times they ‘buttress their findings’ with a method associated with another tradition.
  • Martyn Hammersley, has distinguishe…

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Question 409

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Evaluate the social consequences of democratic decentralization in Indian society. (Marc - 15)

Explanation

Social Consequences of Democratic Decentralization in Indian Society

  • A remarkable change in the democratic structure of governance is underway in India following the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts.
  • The Acts were the culmination of a historic political move towards deepening democracy and advancing development through decentralization by …

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Question 410

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Tribal are the worst affected by the various developmental related displacements. In this context, critically examine the objectives of Forest Right Act, 2006.

Explanation

Tribals and the Objectives of Forest Right Act, 2006

  • Tribal have remained historically backward sections both socially and economically.
  • They were exploited and suppressed during British and in recent times the large scale industrialization, privatization and globalization for sake of “development” has emerged as the biggest threat to tribe՚s surviva…

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Question 411

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Write a critique of the structural and functional perspective used by M. N. Srinivas in the understanding of Indian society. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Understanding Indian Society from Structural and Functional Perspective Used by M. N. Srinivas

  • The structural-functional approach in Sociology has its roots in the British social anthropology, pioneered by Radcliffe Brown and Malinowski. The British anthropologists based their analysis of society. They in their analysis of society, (a) emphasized on…

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Question 412

Issues of Integration and Autonomy
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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How is the tribal question related with the issues of integration and autonomy in modern India? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Tribal Question and the Issues of Integration and Autonomy in Modern India

  • Ethnicity is defined as a collectivity of people of a distinct nature in term of race, descent and culture. Tribes are largely homogeneous group with very little functional interdependence. Culturally tribe communities tend to be distinctive, often with a dialect of its own.
  • J…

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Question 413

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“Family belongs to universal social institution” . Critically examine the statement.

Explanation

Family and Universal Social Institution

  • Many sociologists regard family as the foundation of society, as the basic unit of social organization.
  • Family has been a key are of study for sociologists due to its importance in the organization of society.
  • George Murdock took a sample of 250 societies and concluded that in some form the family existed in eve…

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Question 414

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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To what extent, growing involvement of women in the labor market has affected the domestic division of labor? Discuss

Explanation

Growing Involvement of Women in the Labour Market and the Domestic Division of Labour

  • The last few decades has seen a trend of increasing levels of education among women and an increased participation of women in the labour market. This has led to several changes in the entire social set up.
  • The impact of this on the domestic division of labour has n…

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