Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 400 - 406 of 503

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Question 400

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Salient features of A. R. Desai՚s Marxist Sociology (Paper-II) (Marks-10)

Explanation

A. R. Desai՚S Marxist Sociology

  • Marxist approach is based on the concepts of historical materialism, dialectic, class exploitation, and class struggle leading to social change.
  • Marxist approach is unique because of the economic angle that it provides to perspectives, and emphasizes on the importance of economic parameters being an important reason be…

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Question 401

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Explain the transition from class-in-itself to class-for-itself, according to Karl Marx.

Explanation

Karl Marx and the Transition from Class-In -Itself to Class-for-Itself

  • Karl Marx distinguished between a ′ class in itself ′ and a ′ class for itself ′ . A class in itself is simply a ′ social group whose members share the same relationship to the means of production ′ . Karl Marx argued that a social group only fully becomes a class when it becomes…

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Question 402

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Answer the following questions in not more than 0 words each:

Discuss the salient features of Indian middle class. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Middle Class

Middle Class as a conceptual stratum in urban strata of class structure emerged only after industrialization when the concept of class itself emerged in its current sense and it՚s placed in between the dichotomous property owning and working class.

Major Characteristics of Indian Middle Class

  • The British rule resulted in the emergence of …

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Question 403

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Globalization is a double – edged sword. It is a controversial process that assaults national sovereignty, erodes local culture and tradition and threatens economic and social stability.” In the context of this statement, discuss the impact of globalization on Tribes. (Marc -20)

Explanation

Impact of Globalization on Tribes

  • India has been undergoing a process of widespread globalization, which has impacted all the spheres of its society.
  • Globalization is a double edged sword, it has both positive as well negative effect on the society, its culture, tradition, economy and political setup. With respect to the tribals, globalization has be…

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Question 404

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Define social movements. Briefly mention its theories.

Explanation

Social Movements

  • “When a group of individuals tries to bring or resists Social Change fully or partially on the basis of ideology it is known as movement.”
  • When these changes or resistance are desired in social sphere of life it is known as ‘social movement.’
  • There are following characters of Social Movement-
    • A group of individuals
    • Ideology - Organizati…

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Question 405

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Briefly discuss the impact of Buddhism on Indian society.

Explanation

Impact of Buddhism on Indian Society

  • Buddhism is a pragmatic teaching which starts from certain fundamental propositions about how we experience the world and how we act in it. Buddhism arose in India as a spiritual force against social injustices, against degrading superstitious rites, ceremonies and sacrifices.
  • Buddhism gave the greatest jolt to th…

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Question 406

Regionalism and Decentralization of Power
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Answer the following question in not more than 0 words each:

Discuss the sociological aspects of movements for separate States. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Sociological Aspects of Movements for Separate States

  • Regionalism is a pre-independence phenomenon. It became predominant in post-independence period.
  • The politics of regionalism started with the implementation of constitutional reforms under Government of India Acts of 1909,1919, and 1935.
  • The establishment and role of Justice Party in Chennai, and t…

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