Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 394 - 399 of 503

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Question 394

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Elaborate various forms of Dalit assertions in contemporary India? Discuss. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Dalit Assertions in Contemporary India

  • The Dalits historically termed differently as Avarnas not fit to be included into 4 fold Varna (not fit to be included into 4 fold Varna classification) , achhuts, chandals etc. Dalit refer as the socially and economically backward people who have been historically and traditionally alienated from the basic and…

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Question 395

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short answers with a sociological perspective of the following questions in about 150 words each.

Discuss the growth of religious sects in India. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Growth of Religious Sects in India

  • Religious sects and cults are not a new phenomenon: they have existed for centuries. Bruce (1995) traces the emergence of the first sects to the Reformation of the church in the sixteenth century and the upheavals that accompanied it. Despite this, most existing sects and cults originated in the twentieth century, …

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Question 396

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about

Modernization of Indian traditions (Paper-II)

Explanation

Modernization of Indian Traditions

  • Tradition, by which we mean value themes encompassing the entire social system of Indian society prior to the beginning of modernization, was organized on the principle of hierarchy, holism, continuity and transcendence. While modernity means a rational transformation of the psychological, social, economic and poli…

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Question 397

Population Policy and Family Planning
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Reproductive health has come to be given a significant place in the population policy of India. Discuss.

Explanation

Reproductive Health and Population Policy of India

  • Population policy refers to an “effort to regulate economic and social conditions which are likely to have demographic consequences” . It was formulated in Indian context for the first time in 1976, with an aim to decrease birth rate, legalise abortion, and check the concentration of population, giv…

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Question 398

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“The prime victim of economic liberalization has been environmental sustainability.” In the context of this statement, discuss the past and present of Indian Environmentalism.

Explanation

Indian Environmentalism Past and Present

  • Ramachandra Guha is probably the most outstanding Indian scholar to have contributed significantly to the understanding of ‘environmentalism in India’ . Guha identified three strands in the environmental movement in India – Crusading Gandhian, Appropriate Technology and Ecological Marxists.
  • The strand represen…

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Question 399

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Appeared in Year: 2012

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write short answers with a sociological perspective of the following questions in about 150 words each.

Give a critical analysis of Andre Beteille՚s study of Tanjore village. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Andre Beteille՚S Study of Tanjore Village

  • Understanding of Beteille is diffusive and he adopts an interactional approach rather than uni-dimensional approach to describe caste. He started his analysis of caste from the empirical study of caste in village of Sripuram in Tanjore district of Tamil Nadu (Sripuram: A Village in Tanjore District, 1962) wh…

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