Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 386 - 393 of 503

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Question 386

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Discuss the social background of Indian nationalism. (Paper -II)

Explanation

Indian Nationalism and Its Social Background

  • Indian nationalism emerged gradually, and was the prime factor responsible for the independence that Indian achieved. AR Desai uses Marxist approach to study Indian nationalism. He argues that the cause of nationalism lies in the economic structure of society i. e. change in economy due to British rule le

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Question 387

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Gender parity in India: prospects and challenges

Explanation

Gender Parity in India

  • Gender parity refers to the state of access of rights & opportunities unaffected by gender, which is central to inclusive economic growth and also included in Sustainable Development Goals, to which India is a party member.
  • Pink is the color of the Economic Survey 2017 - 18, signifying the support and promotion of the growing m

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Question 388

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically examine the prospects and challenges of cooperatives in India under the globalization regime.

Explanation

Prospects and Challenges of Cooperatives in India

  • India established on ‘socialistic pattern of society’ has constitutional mandate to ensure republicanism, welfarism, social justice, social and economic democracy and inclusive development that reflects from various section of constitution Fundamental Rights, DPSP etc.
  • Mahatma Gandhi’ s concept of ‘Sa

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Question 389

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Critically analyze the “evolution of national population policy” in India and reasons for its failure to check the population growth

Explanation

Evolution of National Population Policy in India

  • India was one of the first countries to recognize the population problem and adopt an official national program on family planning in 1952.
  • Though India identified the population problem early, it has not been able to tackle it effectively.
  • As per the census of 2011, India is the 2nd most populous count

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Question 390

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Explain the concepts of dominant caste’ and ‘vote ‘bank giving examples from specific regions. (Paper -II)

Explanation

Dominant Caste and Vote Bank

  • Indian social system is organized around caste structure, therefore, caste and politics can never be separated. Caste is a very important factor as it is seen as an important identity among the people. Thus caste and politics are very intimately linked.
  • This relationship can be seen in the following ways:
    • Caste is used in

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Question 391

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each:

Demographic perspective of Indian youth. (Paper -II)

Explanation

Demographic Perspective of Indian Youth

  • India is poised to become the Worlds youngest outcry, with an average age of 29 years and accounting for of world’s workforce. An increasing proportion of working population will provide a window of opportunity to improve labor productivity, increase domestic production, enhance revenue from services, increase

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Question 392

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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The Naxalite movement came into being as a result of prevailing social and economic issues. Discuss.

Explanation

Naxalite Movement

  • Naxalite movement which started in the year 1967 from Naxalbari (in West Bengal), arose due to the prevailing socio- economic conditions in the rural areas.
  • The socio- economic conditions were not in favor of the lower rung of the society, which consisted of landless labourers and tribal. After independence, there was hope of social

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Question 393

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write notes on the following. Your answer should have a sociological perspective. (Maximum length of answers: 100 words each)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. (Paper -II) (Marks-10)

Explanation

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

  • MGNREGA is an ambitious rights based employment scheme providing employment to rural people of India.
  • The basic aim of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is to enhance livelihood security of household in rural area. By this scheme Govt. gives assurance of employment to unsk

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