Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 379 - 385 of 503

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Question 379

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

How is ageing becoming an emerging issue in Indian society? (Paper -II) (Marks-10)

Explanation

Ageing an Emerging Issue in Indian Society

  • Ageing in India is exponentially increasing due to the impressive gains that society has made in terms of increased life expectancy. With the rise in elderly population, the demand for holistic care tends to grow. By 25, the geriatric population is expected to be 840 million in the developing countries.
  • An a

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Question 380

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Discuss the socio-economic profile of migrant workers in India.

Explanation

Socio-Economic Profile of Migrant Workers in India

  • Though Fundamental Right under Article 19 provided ‘free movement within country to all its citizen yet India has been characterized by some (Davis 1951) as a relatively immobile society. Migration is a form of mobility in which people change their residential location across defined administrative

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Question 381

Features of Caste System
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

What are the changes in the cultural and structural aspects of the caste system since independence? (Paper -II)

Explanation

Changes in the Cultural and Structural Aspects of the Caste System Since Independence

  • Caste is considered as both a cultural and structural phenomenon.
  • Culturally, it is a system of value, beliefs and practices associated with a particular strata.

Various Contemporary and Historical Avenues of Mobility in Caste System

Sanskritization and Westernization

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Question 382

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Bring out some positive and negative social consequences of green revolution. How has green revolution changed the rural social structure? (Paper -II)

Explanation

Positive and Negative Social Consequences of Green Revolution

  • GR was a government programme of agricultural modernization. It was based on providing HYV or hybrid seeds, along with pesticides, fertilizers and other inputs to farmers. Punjab, western U. P. , coastal A. P. and parts of Tamil Nadu, received the first wave of the GR package.
  • With the adv

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Question 383

Population Policy and Family Planning
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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According to census, sex-ratio in India has improved, whereas child sex-ratio has dallied. Explain this paradox and suggest some measures to address the menace.

Explanation

Sex Ratio in India

  • The sex ratio is an important indicator of gender balance in the population.
  • Historically, the sex ratio has been slightly in favour of females.
  • In last two decades, the sex ratio in India has increased from 927 in 1991 to 940 in 2011.
  • However, the disturbing trend is that the Child Sex ratio has declined consistently to all time low

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Question 384

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“Technology is the key to understanding social change today”. Critically analyze

Explanation

Technology and the Social Change

  • Social change is the alteration in patterns of social structure, social institutions, and social behaviour over time. No society can successfully resist change, not even those that try to do so, although some societies are more resistant to change than others. But the rate, nature and direction of change differ great

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Question 385

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“The practice of child marriage has its root in traditional, cultural and religious practices and sustained by poor economic condition. ” Comment.

Explanation

Practice of Child Marriage

  • Child marriage in India has been a historical practice, with children sometimes being married even before they were born. After the onset of modernization during British rule and numerous socio-religious reform movements in the country, child marriage rules were gradually changed.
  • The minimum age of marriage was gradually i

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