Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 372 - 378 of 503

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Question 372

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Pluralistic conception of power (Marks-10)

Explanation

Pluralistic Conception of Power

  • Pluralist theorist traces its origin in Rousseau philosophy of ‘General Will’ . He was the prominent social philosopher who said ‘it is the people with whom lies the power to rule’ . Modern American theorist like Talcott Parsons, Robert Dahl in ‘Who Governs?’ Mosca, Christopher J. Hewitt, C. Wright Mills popularized p…

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Question 373

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each:

Louis Dumont՚s perspective on Indian caste system. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Louis Dumont՚S Perspective on Indian Caste System

  • In 1970s, French sociologist Louis Dumont in his seminal work ‘Homo Hierarchicus: Caste System and Its Implication, 1966’ synthesized macro perspective of Ghurye with micro perspective of empirical studies, thus, combining ‘text’ with ‘context’ . His theory of caste hierarchy locates its basis in ‘po…

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Question 374

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each: -

M. N. Srinivas՚s concept of westernization. (Paper-II)

Explanation

M. N. Srinivas՚S Concept of Westernization

  • It is a term, coined by M. N. Srinivas. It refers to all ‘cultural changes and institutional innovations’ , in India, as we came into political and cultural contact with the ‘western nations’ , especially Britain. It refers to the changes brought about in ‘Indian society and culture’ , as a result of over 1…

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Question 375

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Comment on the social and cultural determinants of sexual division of labour. (Paper - II) (14 Marks)

Explanation

Social and Cultural Determinants of Sexual Division of Labour

  • When occupational roles are assigned on the basis of sexual difference, it leads to the development of sexual division of labor.
  • In Indian context, mainly the women are forced to compulsory domesticity which creates a sense of dependency of the women on men which further perpetuates the se…

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Question 376

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Answer the following question in not more than 0 words each: -

What are main causes of female mortality in India? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Causes of Female Mortality in India

  • There has been rapid Increase in female mortality, which has emerged as a serious problem for India, and it has severe socio-economic, demographic and cultural implications.
  • India is a country of striking socio-demographic diversity. It exhibits a relatively high but declining fertility and uneven economic developm…

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Question 377

Patriarchy, Entitlements and Sexual Division of Labour
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Define Patriarchy. How does it impact the overall entitlement of girl child in India? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Patriarchy and Entitlement of Girl Child in India

  • The word patriarchy refers to any form of social power given disproportionately to men.
  • The structure of the patriarchy is always considered the power status of male, authority, control of the male and oppression, domination of the man, suppression, humiliation, sub-ordination and subjugation of the w…

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Question 378

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically evaluate the contribution of Positivism as an important philosophy and research methodology in sociological understanding of ′ social reality.

Explanation

Positivism as a Philosophy and Research Methodology

Positivism, is a method of enquiry, in Sociology, which wanted to convince its adherents that sociology too could be a ‘science.’

The Salient Features of Positivism

  • The ‘scientific knowledge of society’ can be used for ‘social engineering.’
  • Sociology is not common-sense. It rests on ‘explanatory princ…

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