Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 340 - 348 of 503

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Question 340

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Essay▾

Sensate and Ideational culture

Explanation

Pitirim Alexandrovich Sorokin

  • Pitirim Alexandrovich Sorokin experience and acute observations of Russian politics left him uniquely suited for understanding the transformational forces of the 20th century.
  • By 1937 he published the first three volumes of his masterpiece, Social and Cultural Dynamics, but he continued to refine his theories for nearly …

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Question 341

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Social change can be brought through public policy. Critically analyze.

Explanation

Social Change and Public Policy

  • Public policy is the set of laws, rules, and regulations enacted and enforced by government.
  • Policy is made in response to a societal issue or problem that requires attention and is made on behalf of the public. Examples of public policy include: standardized testing in schools, environmental regulations, immigration e…

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Question 342

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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According to the recent findings, middle classes in India are excluding themselves from society. Critically examine the factors responsible for their self-exclusion.

Explanation

Middle Class and Its Self-Exclusion from the Society

  • According to NCAER, India՚s middle class population would be 267 million in 2016. Further ahead, by 2025 - 26 the number of middle class households in India is likely to more than double from the 2015 - 16 levels to 113.8 million households or 547 million individuals. Apart from their huge numbers…

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Question 343

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following. Your answer should have a sociological perspective. (Maximum length of answers: 100 words each)

Child Labour (Paper-II)

Explanation

Child Labour

  • The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. Causes of child labor in India can be understood from both structural and cultural perspectives.
  • On the structural front, over population, poverty, parental…

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Question 344

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Define social exclusion? Explain the types.

Explanation

Social Exclusion

  • Social exclusion is an extreme form of social inequality in which a group or individual is largely cut off from the full involvement with the wider society.
  • Since man is a social animal, his life, goals, ambition, needs are largely fulfilled by the society. Hence, living in society is the need of individual but in some societies some…

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Question 345

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Write short notes with sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each: -

Andre Beteille՚s definition of caste. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Andre Beteille՚S Definition of Caste

  • Andre Beteille՚s study of caste reflects his commitment to the ‘comparative method’ and his ‘natural distaste for Utopian thinking’ . Beteille acknowledges, the obduracy of caste but at the same time does not see it as a ‘timeless and static’ phenomenon. Following the Weberian, conceptualisation of caste he argue…

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Question 346

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Pattern Variables (Marks-10)

Explanation

Pattern Variables

  • Pattern variable refers to the dichotomy within the range of orientation, both ‘motivational and value’ in which the social actor has to choose one side before the actor can act.
  • In the performance of roles, individuals face dilemmas which occur due to improper internalisation of values related to role expectation.
  • These strains in t…

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Question 347

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Answer the following questions in not more than 0 words each:

What are the features that distinguish tribes from the rest of the population? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Distinguishing Tribes from Rest of the Population

  • India has perhaps the highest concentration of tribal population anywhere in the world except Africa. Tribals in India are not a homogeneous group. Their features vary from one part of country to another in terms of their traits, assimilation with larger world, religion, marriage and kinship and so o…

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Question 348

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each: -

Classes in agrarian society in India. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Classes in Agrarian Society in India

  • Class structure emerges in any society when “means of production is privately owned and accumulation of wealth (surplus) concentrates to the few” .
  • During Mughal Period and before, agricultural practice was subsistence based and mercantile relations where largely absent as Jajmani relations dominated in rural soci…

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