Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 24 - 31 of 503

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Question 24

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the basic postulates of scientific method. How far are these followed in sociological research? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Scientific Method

  • Scientific Method, in general, refers to any systematic, rational and objective set of steps to explore the truth or new knowledge or for investigating phenomena or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
  • It is more generally associated with natural sciences and discovery of laws, which govern behavior of matter, is at the he

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Question 25

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What is sects? Discuss their role in multi-religious societies with empirical examples. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sects and Their Role in Multi-Religious Societies

  • A sect is a type of religious organization that stands apart from the larger society. They form an exclusive group.
  • Sects were originally groups which broke away from the dominant religion in a society because of a ‘disagreement’ over the interpretation of the religion. They are an ‘off shoot’ of an e

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Question 26

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“Social conflict is both a cause and a consequence of social change. ” Explain (Paper-1)

Explanation

Social Conflict a Cause and a Consequence of Social Change

  • Social conflict theory is a macro-oriented paradigm in sociology that views society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and social change. Key elements in this perspective are that society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority, and factors such a

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Question 27

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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“According to Durkheim, the essence of religion in modern society is the same as religion in primitive society”. Comment. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Durkheim and Religion in Primitive Society

  • According to Emile Durkheim, the enduring essence of religion throughout history and in all societies, can only be located in some ‘true reality’, rather than some mysterious, supernatural forces or nature’s fear. This reality is nothing but society itself, which enters the individual consciousness through

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Question 28

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Distinguish between the social organization of work in feudal society and in capitalist society.

Explanation

Social Organization of Work in Feudal Society and in Capitalist Society

  • Social organization reflects the normative structure at work place in form of stratified order in society, power relations, social mobility, and alienation and so on. Modern societies have secular or technical component as dominating one while in traditional societies work is or

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Question 29

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Elaborate on various types of religious practices prevalent in India society.

Explanation

Religious Practices

  • Religion is about the sacred realm. Durkheim defines it as ‘a unified system of beliefs and practices related to sacred things, that is to say – things set apart and forbidden, beliefs and practices which unite them into a single moral community, for all those who adhere to them’. In most cases, the sacred includes an element of

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Question 30

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the relevance of historical method in the study of society.

Explanation

Historical Method in the Study of Society

  • History and sociology have a very close relation. According to G E Howard, ‘History is past sociology, sociology is present history’. Philosophy and history are considered as the mother of all social sciences. Karl Marx and Durkheim pioneered use of historical data in their sociological discourse.
  • Karl Marx’s

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Question 31

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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In our society Hierarchical relations are influenced by social mobility. Explain how?

Explanation

Hierarchical Relations and Social Mobility

  • Social mobility means transition of individuals or groups from one position in the social hierarchy to another i. e. from one stratum to another.
  • The concept of social mobility is closely linked to the concept of stratification. As hierarchical patterns evolve in a society, a tendency of shifting these patte

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