Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 331 - 339 of 503

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Question 331

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Essay▾

Challenges to the institution of marriage

Explanation

Institution of Marriage and Challenges

  • Marriage is a social arrangement in which the individuals and groups acquire certain rights in each other.
  • These rights are to seek sexual gratification from each other, to bear and beget children and to seek cooperation for economic and social purposes. Because of modernization, westernization and diffusion of …

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Question 332

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each:

Trends of Infant Mortality Rate among Females (Paper-II)

Explanation

Infant Mortality Rate Among Females

  • Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age.
  • It is measured as infant mortality rate (IMR) , which is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births.
  • The leading causes of infant mortality are birth asphyxia, pneumonia, pre-term birth complications, diarrhoea, mala…

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Question 333

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What is Survey research method? Explain survey research design. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Survey Research. ? (Marks-20)

Explanation

Survey Research Method

  • Survey research is a method of gathering ‘standardized information’ , from a population on a given subject. It invariably covers a large population. The standardized data are usually in statistical form. Survey research is typically carried out with the help of a ‘questionnaire’ or ‘interview-schedule.’
  • Survey research enables …

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Question 334

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Differentiate between Cult and Sect.

Explanation

Cult and Sect

  • Max Weber and Troeltsch, described ‘religious organizations’ as falling along a continuum, based on the degree to which they are ‘well established’ and ‘conventional’ . Churches lie at one end (conventional and well established) , Cults lie at the other (neither) and Sects fall somewhere in the middle.
  • The growth of sects and cults can …

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Question 335

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each:

Jyotirao Phule as an agrarian radical. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Jyotirao Phule as an Agrarian Radical

  • Jyotirao Phule was an Indian Dalit social activist, thinker, anti-caste, religion reformer. He made an attempt to reform various state structures and challenge the various systems of exploitation existed in the society during British Rule. Followings are the different ideas of social revolution by Phule.
  • Educatio…

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Question 336

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Secularization and caste

Explanation

Secularisation and Caste

  • Secularisation is a process of change in religion whereby religious beliefs, practices and institutions are supposed to decline in society or they are supposed to lose their social significance. Secularisation as a process therefore involve emergence of a secular state and a secular society.
  • The term ‘caste’ comes from Portug…

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Question 337

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Discuss Marxist approach to the analysis of Indian nationalism. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Marxist Approach to the Analysis of Indian Nationalism

  • A. R. Desai applies the ‘Marxist approach’ to the study of ‘nationalism’ in India. Being one of the only Indian sociologist who has consistently advocated and applied ‘dialectical-historical’ model in his sociological studies, he traces the emergence of Indian nationalism from dialectical perspe…

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Question 338

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Short Answer▾

Religious revivalism in India has elements of both modernity and tradition in the current times. Comment (Marks-20)

Question 339

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Critically examine how uniform civil code will help improve the condition of women in India. (Marc - 10)

Explanation

Uniform Civil Code

  • Article 44 of the Constitution provides for uniform civil code for the citizens throughout the territory of India. India already has uniform criminal code and civil laws, but there is no uniformity of personal laws, and UCC aims to provide that.
  • A uniform civil code (UCC) administers the same set of secular civil laws to govern all…

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