Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 323 - 330 of 503

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Question 323

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short with a sociological perspective on the following is not more than 150 words each:

Westernization and institutional change in India. (Paper - II)

Explanation

Westernization and Institutional Change in India

  • Westernization refers to all ‘cultural changes and institutional innovations’ , in India, as we came into political and cultural contact with the ‘western nations’ , especially Britain.
  • It refers to the changes brought about in ‘Indian society and culture’ ; as a result of over 150 years of British rul…

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Question 324

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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What is cultural Revivalism? Give some examples from performing arts, language dissemination and arts crafts in recent times. (Paper -II)

Question 325

Latent and Manifest Functions
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Merton՚s contribution to the realm of structural functionalism is indispensable. Comment

Explanation

Merton՚S Contribution to the Realm of Structural and Functionalism

  • R. K. Merton is considered as one of the most important sociologists of contemporary times. Some of the most important works of Merton are that of deviance, his work on structural functionalism among others.
  • Merton redefined structural functionalism, and have it a new lease of life. M…

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Question 326

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Surrogacy is both a need and source of Income. Comment

Explanation

Surrogacy a Need and Source of Income

  • The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allow only infertile couples to bear a child using a surrogate mother. The bill aims to restrict surrogacy, and make it available only to limited number of people who satisfy certain criteria.
  • The bill has been criticized for the restricti…

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Question 327

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Sociology and history may overlap in one area, but diverge widely in another. Examine their relationship. (Marks-10)

Explanation

Sociology and History Relationship

  • Sociology and History are social disciplines and both are concerned with human activities and events. Therefore, both are very closely related and more or less considered by some thinkers as identical studies. It is often pointed out that the beginning of sociology is historical. The writers like G. Von Bulow have …

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Question 328

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about 150 words each:

Feminization of poverty. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Feminization of Poverty

  • Feminization of poverty is the concept that describes the idea that women represent disproportionate percentages of the world՚s poor. This concept is not only a consequence of lack of income, but is also the result of the deprivation of capabilities and gender biases present in both societies and governments. This includes th…

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Question 329

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Citizenship and globalization

Explanation

Citizenship and Globalization

  • A citizen is one who participates in the process of government. In a democratic society, there must be a two-way traffic between the citizens and the government. All governments demand certain duties from the citizens. But, in return, the state must also admit some demands of the citizens on itself. Governments, which a…

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Question 330

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically examine the barriers to the working class mobilization in context of Indian society.

Explanation

Barriers to the Working Class Mobilization in Context of Indian Society

  • The working class is classically defined as that class which must sell its labor-power in order to survive.
  • In terms of market situation it is characterized by the fact that it sells its labor power in discrete amounts of time in return for a wage. In the case of work situation, …

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