Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 316 - 322 of 503

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 503 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 1000.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 316

Illiteracy and Disparities in Education
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2012

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Write a note on Education and inequality in India. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Education and Inequality in India

  • Education has its own intrinsic value. An educated person can understand, analyze and participate efficiently in the market. An educated person is more confident to face poverty. A literate woman has better knowledge of health and family planning.
  • It develops scientific tamper and helps in reducing child labor. Thus,…

… (634 more words) …

Question 317

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Critically analyze the impact of globalization on the sovereignty of nation-state.

Explanation

Impact of Globalization on Sovereignty of Nation State

  • Baylis and Smith define globalization as “the process of increasing interconnectedness between societies such that events in one part of the World have effects on people and societies far away.” It is facilitated by electronic communications, cashless economy, faster travel and transnational com…

… (565 more words) …

Question 318

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2012

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write short notes with sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each: -

Other Backward Classes. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Other Backward Classes

  • Sociologically, Backward Classes consists of a large number of backward castes which remain above the Scheduled Castes & below upper castes. In other words, these castes consist of the intermediate castes – cultivating castes, artisans & service castes – like Yadavs, Kurmies, Gujjars, Jats in North Indian states whereas in Sou…

… (794 more words) …

Question 319

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Critically examine if bureaucratic organizations have been able to meet the ends, they were designed for, in complex modern societies.

Explanation

Bureaucratic Organizations and Complex Modern Societies

  • In today՚s World, the complex modern societies are characterized by globalization, urbanization and modernization. The work environment is highly volatile, dynamic and fast changing. To meet the ends there is requirement of a lot of creativity, flexibility and freedom on the part of a bureaucra…

… (600 more words) …

Question 320

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50 Marks

Functional Prerequisites

Explanation

Functional Prerequisites

  • Society has certain basic necessary conditions, which must be satisfied for its survival. Such basic needs and requirements which are required for functioning of society are known as functional prerequisites. There are different viewpoints regarding the identification of functional prerequisites of society.
  • For example, Davis…

… (413 more words) …

Question 321

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is Social Mobility. Identify its types?

Explanation

Social Mobility

  • The term sociology mobility was introduced in sociology by Pitrim Sorokin in his book “The Cultural Dynamics” . In social stratification in every society different groups are placed or given a social position on the basis of some cultural or social yardsticks and accordingly they are assigned privileges and disadvantages. When indivi…

… (344 more words) …

Question 322

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2012

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Describe those social changes which have contributed to increase of violence against women. What are the emerging forms of violence against women? Suggest suitable measures to contain this problem. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Violence Against Women

  • “Violence against women is the manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women” and that “violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men” . These include violence carried out by ‘individuals’ as well as ‘states’ …

… (1180 more words) …