Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 307 - 315 of 503

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Question 307

The Idea of Indian Village and Village Studies
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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What is the idea of ‘Indian village’ Explain. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Idea of Indian Village

  • The colonial understanding of the ‘Indian Village Community’ gets reflected in the writings of the colonial administrators/ethnographers like Charles Metcalfe, Henry Maine, and James Mill. With little bit of variations, their writings highlighted the notion of ‘Village autonomy’ of the Indian village. The idea of ‘village auto…

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Question 308

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Peasant protests in the colonial period

Explanation

Peasant Protests in the Colonial Period

  • Peasants include landless agricultural labourers, tenants, poor, small or marginal farmers who own uneconomic landholdings and supplement their income by working as wage labourers. Most of them belong to low castes. They face dual problems of social discrimination and economic exploitation. Therefore, their mo…

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Question 309

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Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50 Marks

Suicide as a social fact

Explanation

Suicide as a Social Fact

  • Suicide as a ‘social fact’ is an illustration of, Emile Durkheim s views on ‘society’ and ‘methodology’ . According to him, the impact of social structures or society on individual s thoughts and actions can best be established through a ‘sociological analysis’ of suicide, which is otherwise an ‘individualistic phenomena’ .
  • A…

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Question 310

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Post-modernity in sociology

Explanation

Post-Modernity in Sociology

  • Modernity refers to a post-traditional, post-medieval historical period, marked by the move from feudalism towards capitalism, industrialization, secularisation, rationalization, centralization, hierarchy, the nation-state and its constituent institutions. Modernization is the current term for an old process — the process…

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Question 311

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“Slum is the lifeline of Urbanity” . Comment.

Explanation

Slum as the Lifeline of Urbanity

  • Around 30 % of India՚s population lives in cities and urban areas, but majority of them resides in slums.
  • Slums have become an inseparable part of Indian urban life.
  • Though slums are unhygienic places, and are a source of problem for the residents of cities, but they are also the lifeline of urban life in India.

Importa…

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Question 312

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Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50 Marks

Sociology and common sense

Explanation

Sociology and Common Sense

  • Common sense knowledge refers to that knowledge which is routinely used in the conduct of everyday life.
  • It is practical, experimental and critical but also fragmentary and incoherent in nature.
  • Common sense views rely on perceptions formed without any reference to ‘scientific methods of causality.’ On the other hand natural…

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Question 313

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Minority communalism can never be compared with majority communalism, for the former is ghettoized and mainly feeds upon its own people. Comment.

Explanation

Communalism

  • As per Bipin Chandra՚s definition of communalism, when a group of people believe that their secular interests are similar just because they belong to the same religion is known as communalism. This comes into play and becomes extreme communalism when these people are made to believe that their secular interests are in conflict with the g…

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Question 314

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 150 words each:

Constitution as a living document of social change. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Constitution as a Living Document of Social Change

  • The ideology of social change which has been adopted by India after independence has been enshrined in the Constitution of India. The Preamble with the values of Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity was the path chosen by the Constituent Assembly, the objectives of the Constitution.
  • The Constitu…

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Question 315

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Evaluate the contributions and limitations of the Women՚s movement in India. (Paper - II)

Explanation

Contributions and Limitations of the Women՚S Movement in India

  • Women s Movement has raised the issues directly affecting women and addressing the question of emancipation of women.
  • The issues of ′ rape, sexual harassment in the workplace, violence against women in the family and public sphere ′ , have been major issues on which women at ′ micro and m…

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