Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 293 - 300 of 503

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Question 293

Illiteracy and Disparities in Education
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Essay▾

The need for modern education

Explanation

Need for Modern Education

  • Education is normally the acquiring of knowledge as well as the skills that are accepted by a given society. Modern education is exoteric, secular, utilitarian and scientific in orientation. Modern education is a necessity in the present society which is characterized by modern value system.
  • Education leads to transmission o…

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Question 294

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Discuss the concept of “Juvenile Delinquency” with respect to its social causes and implications.

Explanation

Juvenile Delinquency

  • Juvenile delinquency, also known as “juvenile offending” , is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles, i.e.. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority) . Juvenile crimes can range from status offences (such as underage smoking) , to property crimes and violent crimes. Juvenile delinquency has been on …

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Question 295

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Discuss some social and cultural determination of infant mortality rate. Give your suggestions to prevent infanticide. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Infant Mortality Includes

  • Neo natal mortality
  • Post neo natal mortality
  • Childhood deaths

Factors

  • Factors affecting infant mortality are classified as i) biological and ii) socio-economic or environmental factors. There is a great deal of interaction between the two.
  • The biological factors affecting ‘foetal and neo-natal infant mortality rates’ are i) the …

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Question 296

Self and Identity
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Society concept is accorded priority in Mead՚s analysis. Discuss.

Explanation

Society Concept and Mead՚S Analysis

  • George Herbert Mead, a sociologist from the late 1800s, is well known for his theory of the social self, which includes the concepts of ‘self,’ ‘me,’ and ‘I.’
  • Mead ′ s work focuses on the way in which the self is developed. Mead ′ s theory of the social self is based on the perspective that the self emerges from so…

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Question 297

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short notes with sociological perspective on the following in not more than 0 words each: -

What are the main features of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar՚s views on annihilation of caste? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Main Features of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar՚S Views on Annihilation of Caste

  • The caste system in India is an integral part of a larger scheme of social organization. Gandhi and Ambedkar desired to ameliorate the untouchables from the slavery of centuries although their paths were different.
  • Ambedkar, who is known as the saviour of the untouchables has levell…

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Question 298

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Indebtedness is one of the serious issue leading to farmers suicides. Discuss reasons and suggest solutions. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Indebtedness and Farmers Suicides

  • Farmer suicide rate in India has been very high, ranging between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 total population, over a 10-year period through 05. India is an agrarian country with around 60 % of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. Farmer suicides account for 11.2 % of all suicides in India.
  • Activ…

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Question 299

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Can digitalization of Indian Society be considered as an agent of social change? In what manner can it establish a new social order in India?

Explanation

Digitization of Indian Society and New Social Order in India

  • There is no dispute over the fact that technology brings far reaching and fundamental changes in our social set up. Our modern society is the outcome and product of modern technology. Its influence on social life is effective in bringing many more changes. Technology including latest digit…

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Question 300

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Drug cause many effects in an individual and society as a whole. Critically examine the statement in context of growing incidences of drug addiction in India.

Explanation

Drug Addiction in India

  • As per the report India, witness on an average 10 suicides per day due to drug abuse.
  • There were 3,647 such suicide cases in India in 2014. As per the NCRB more than 25,000 people committed suicides due to drug abuse last 10 years.

Factors Responsible for Drugs Abuse

Social Factors

  • Easy availability of drugs;
  • Unstable home environ…

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