Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 285 - 292 of 503

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Question 285

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Critically examine Max Weber՚s theory of social action and its limitations.

Explanation

Max Weber՚S Theory of Social Action and Its Limitations

  • Max Weber pioneered ′ Interpretative Sociology ′ or ′ Micro Sociology ′ , by emphasizing the ′ dual character ′ of society in terms of its ′ objective facts ′ and ′ subjective meanings ′ . Weberian sociology emphasized the ′ meaningfulness ′ of human behavior and social relationships. According…

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Question 286

Industrial Class Structure
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Short Answer▾

Answer the following questions

Examine the influence of industrialization on caste. (Paper -II) (Marks-15)

Question 287

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Differentiate between Sociology and History.

Explanation

Sociology and History

  • Sociology and History are social disciplines and both are concerned with human activities and events.
  • Therefore, both are very closely related and more or less considered by some thinkers as identical studies. It is often pointed out that the beginning of sociology is historical.
  • The writers like G. Von Bulow have refused to ackn…

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Question 288

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about

G. S. Ghurye՚s Indological approach to understand society in India. Discuss (Paper-II)

Explanation

G. S. Ghurye՚S Indological Approach in Understanding Society in India

  • Indology literally means a ‘systematic study of Indian society and culture.’ The Indological approach rested on the assumption that historically, Indian society and culture are ‘unique’ and this uniqueness cannot be captured within the framework of European sociology. The Indologi…

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Question 289

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Critically examine on the heterogenic features that influenced Indian tradition according to Yogendra Singh.

Explanation

Heterogenic Features That Influenced Indian Tradition

  • His idea of social change/modernization is essentially a combination of cultural as well as structural change. He has an integrated approach in analyzing social change in India and he considers all factors of social change or modernization viz. source of change (orthogenetic or heterogenetic) , c…

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Question 290

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Discuss Andre Beteille՚s account of the relationship between caste, class and power as a change from symmetrical to asymmetrical one. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Andre Beteille՚S Account of the Relationship between Caste, Class and Power

  • Weber talked about social stratification in terms of class, status, power. Class refers to group formation based on economic criteria on person՚s position in the market situation. Status, on the other hand stratifies society in terms of prestige, honour respect. Caste system…

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Question 291

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Critically examine the socio-economic implications of Child marriage in context of Indian society.

Explanation

Child Marriage in India

  • Child marriage in India has been a historical practice, with children sometimes being married even before they were born. After the onset of modernization during British rule and numerous socio-religious reform movements in the country, child marriage rules were gradually changed. The minimum age of marriage was gradually inc…

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Question 292

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Anticipatory Socialization” (Marc - 10)

Explanation

Anticipatory Socialization

  • Anticipatory socialisation ′ in which individual starts to behave in a manner in which members of aspirational reference group behave. It leads to change in value system of individual and it facilitates easy merger of individual in the aspirational group.
  • He also sees some dysfunctional aspects of anticipatory socialization…

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