Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 277 - 284 of 503

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Question 277

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Ogburn՚s theory of ‘defunctionalization’ of family (Marc - 12.5)

Explanation

Ogburn՚S Theory of ‘Defunctionalization’ of Family

  • Family is the most universal and fundamental social institution which performs a variety of functions in human society.
  • Different sociologists have viewed or classified the functions of family into different types.
  • Ogburn and Nimkoff have classified functions of family mainly into following types:
  • Econ…

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Question 278

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Discuss the sociological significance of distinction between ‘Family’ and ‘Household’ .

Explanation

Family and Household Sociological Significance

  • Family is a basic social institution of the Indian society. Due to lack of uniform definitions of the concept of ‘joint’ (extended) and ‘nuclear’ (conjugal) family, A. M. Shah gave the concept of ‘household’ , to conceptually clarify the composition of the family. In ‘Family in India and Household dimen…

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Question 279

The Idea of Indian Village and Village Studies
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Significance of Village Studies in Indian Sociology (Paper-II) (Marks-10)

Explanation

Significance of Village Studies in Indian Sociology

  • The idea of the Indian village as represented in the earlier writings of the colonial administrators, was one of an ‘inner world’ , with communal ownership of land, social harmony, patriarchal in governance, and surrounded by hostile other villages. According to the colonial understanding, the Indi…

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Question 280

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Examine the impact of secularization on various religious communities in India. (Paper - II)

Explanation

Impact of Secularization and Various Religious Communities in India

  • Secularization as “the process where religious thinking practice and institution lose their social significance” .
  • It is a fact that the traditional form of religion is declining and new forms of religion such as sects, cults and religious fundamentalism are growing. Some sociologist…

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Question 281

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically discuss the impact of proselytization on the social fabric of India. (Marc - 10)

Explanation

Impact of Proselytization on the Social Fabric of India

  • Proselytism can be defined as “the attempt to persuade another individual to change his or her religion” . Religious conversion and proselytization are taken to be general problems of plural societies today.
  • The basic structure of these problems seems so self-evident that it is rarely stated exp…

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Question 282

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

Patriarchy as a form of dominance (Paper-II) (Marks-10)

Explanation

Patriarchy as a Form of Dominance

  • The word patriarchy refers to any form of social power given disproportionately to men. The structure of the patriarchy is always considered the power status of male, authority, control of the male and oppression, domination of the man, suppression, humiliation, sub-ordination and subjugation of the women.
  • Patriarchy…

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Question 283

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Robert D. Putnam conception of ‘Social Capital’

Explanation

Robert D. Putnam Conception of ‘Social Capital’

Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central, transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation, and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.

Term Generally Refers To

  • Resources, and the value …

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Question 284

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M. N Srinivas contested that sociology in India is similar to social anthropology. What does this imply? Explain

Explanation

Sociology in India is Similar to Social Anthropology

  • Sociology and social anthropology developed in India in the colonial interests and intellectual curiosity of the western scholars on the one hand, and the reactions of the Indian scholars on the other. Though both these disciplines are compartmentalised in western countries, in the context of Indi…

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