Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 269 - 275 of 503

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Question 269

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Essay▾

GS Ghurye liberated the study of Indian society from the colonial biases and laid the true foundation of the discipline of sociology in India. Substantiate this statement.

Explanation

GS Ghurye

  • GS Ghurye is a towering figure in intellectual and academic circles for his unique contribution in the field of Indian sociology. He has often been acclaimed as the ‘father of Indian sociology’. Ghurye had been engaged in building up the entire first generation of Indian sociologists in post-independence period.
  • He was influenced by the ide

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Question 270

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Analyze the different views on integration and autonomy of tribes in India. (Paper -II)

Explanation

Different Views on Integration and Autonomy of Tribes in India

  • Issue of tribal autonomy and integration was identified by the national leadership even before independence. Taking along both autonomy and integration is a difficult balancing act as they are somewhat conflicting paradigms in tribal development context. Too much focus on autonomy someti

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Question 271

Untouchability- Forms and Perspectives
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write some of the important social reforms in India for the removal of untouchability. (Paper -II)

Explanation

Social Reforms in India for the Removal of Untouchability

  • Dalits are those groups of people who have faced social discrimination including the untouchability. They largely belong to the economically disadvantaged groups of our society. They are placed in the Scheduled Caste categories in our constitution. The category of Dalits was first used by Jyo

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Question 272

Self and Identity
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Essay▾

Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 * 5=50 marks

“The self is a product of socio-symbolic interaction, however it is not merely a passive reflection of the generalized other”. Critically examine this statement with reference to Mead.

Explanation

Mead and Symbolic Interactionism

  • George Herbert Mead has made important contributions to ‘Symbolic Interactionism’ through his theory of ‘Self and Identity’. In his famous work entitled Mind, Self and Society, Mead analyzed the formation of individual self and the historical complexity of the development of ideas from the perspective known as symbol

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Question 273

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Essay▾

Write short answers of the following questions in about 150 words each: 10 * 5=50 marks

Features of Bureaucracy

Explanation

Bureaucracy

  • Bureaucracy is an ideal type model of legal rational authority. Bureaucracy is a large scale organization rationally designed to coordinate activities of many individuals in pursuit of organizational goals.
  • Decision making is made by people at top of hierarchy and execution is done at bottom level. Basis of decision making are general and

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Question 274

Historical Materialism
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“Religion is the opium of masses and an instrument of classes”. Critically analyze.

Explanation

Religion as the Opium of Masses and an Instrument of Classes

  • Marx wrote this line in 1843 as part of the introduction to a book that criticized philosopher George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s 1820 book, Elements of the Philosophy of Right.
  • The same metaphor was used by many authors since then.
  • For instance, by Vladimir Lenin while speaking of religion in

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Question 275

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Explain the importance of hypothesis in formulation of sociological theories. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Hypothesis and Sociological Theories

  • Hypothesis is indispensable for any scientific investigation as it always ‘guides’ and gives ‘direction’ to the investigation. Hypothesis is a ‘tentative generalization, ’ the validity of which remains to be tested. When verified and found true, hypothesis leads to formation of theory.
  • Hypothesis is a tentative as

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