Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 17 - 23 of 503

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 503 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 1000.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 17

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“The sociological imagination enables us to grasp history and biography and the relationship between the two in a society. ” – C. W. Mills. Explain. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sociological Imagination, History and Biography

  • Sociology and History are social disciplines and both are concerned with human activities and events. Therefore, both are very closely related and more or less considered by some thinkers as identical studies. It is often pointed out that the beginning of sociology is historical. The writers like G. Vo

… (513 more words) …

Question 18

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write short notes on the following: (Each note should not exceed 150 words) (b) Define social movement. Elucidate the role of reformist movements in social change.

Explanation

Social Movements and the Role of Reformist in Social Change

  • Social movements are defined as “collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions”. The main characteristics of social movements are;
  • Social movements are among the most powerful forms of collective action.

… (404 more words) …

Question 19

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2017

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the dynamics of pressure group in multi-party political system.

Explanation

Dynamics of Pressure Group in Multi-Party Political System

  • Pressure groups are ‘formally constituted organizations’ which are designed at least partly to bring ‘pressure’ to bear on government, and other political institutions, to achieve ends that they favor. They seek to ‘influence’ political parties and the various departments of a state.
  • They do

… (510 more words) …

Question 20

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How is religious revivalism different from communalism? Elaborate with suitable examples from the India context. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Religious Revivalism and Communalism

  • Religious revivalism is an extreme form of religious fundamental in which individual or group tries to restore the lost glory of religion in the society. They not merely carry their religious principles in their life rather forces or compels others to follow the religious principles in words and spirit.
  • Communalis

… (375 more words) …

Question 21

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

The focal point of sociology rests on interaction. How do you distinguish it from common sense? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sociology and Common Sense

  • Common sense knowledge refers to that knowledge which is routinely used in the conduct of everyday life. It is practical, experimental and critical but also fragmentary and incoherent in nature. Common sense views rely on perceptions formed without any reference to ‘scientific methods of causality. ’
  • On the other hand natur

… (685 more words) …

Question 22

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Is the theory of cultural lag valid in present times? Discuss. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Theory of Cultural Lag

  • Yes, Cultural lag is present in society, the term cultural lag refers to the “notion that culture takes time to catch up with technological innovations, and that social problems and conflicts are caused by this lag”.
  • Ogburn believed that material and non-material cultures change in different ways. Change in material culture has

… (365 more words) …

Question 23

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Economics must be made the handmaid of sociology. ” Critically analyze. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Economics and Sociology

  • Economics studies production, distribution, exchange and consumption in society.
  • It is primarily concerned with a) Rational use of resources b) Relation between demand and supply c) Issue of economic development. Whereas sociology is the scientific study of society, social institutions, social processes. Sociology looks at eco

… (495 more words) …