Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 249 - 259 of 503

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Question 249

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Phenomenology (Marks-10)

Explanation

Phenomenology

  • Phenomenology is a perspective primarily belongs to philosophy which was introduced by Edmund Husserl. In philosophy, the aim of phenomenology is to study human phenomenology without considering questions of their causes, their object reality or their appearances.
  • Phenomenology believes in experience or cognition. Phenomenology seeks to

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Question 250

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Idea of functional indispensability.

Explanation

Functional Indispensability

  • Structural functionalism is an approach to explain the social world that presupposes an organic model with the various elements having a particular function that ensures, though consensus, the maintenance and order of the social system. Structural functionalist arguments hinge on the concepts of functional unity, universa

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Question 251

Features of Caste System
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in about

Features of caste system (Paper -II)

Explanation

Features of Caste System

  • Principle of purity and pollution is the foremost feature of caste system. Six features have been defined by Ghurye. Other scholars have also identified different features.
  • Bougle identified three such core features – heredity occupation, hierarchy, mutual repulsion in terms of pollution and purity. Dumont has considered ‘hie

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Question 252

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Explain the nature and scope of quantitative methods of data collection in sociological research.

Explanation

Quantitative Methods of Data Collection in Sociological Research

  • The quantitative research employs quantitative measurements and use of statistical analysis.
  • This type of research is based on the methodological principles of positivism and adheres to strict sampling and research design.
  • For eg: Questionnaire, Interview, calculating percentages, test e

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Question 253

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Social closure

Explanation

Social Closure

  • Social closure is a concept that was first introduced by Max Weber and refers “to the practice of preserving privilege or monopolising scarce resources for one’s own group by restricting other people’s access to resources and rewards”. It can take many forms, from residential segregation to marriage rules that forbid unions.
  • Access to

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Question 254

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Give an account of Weber’s conception of wert rational action and its Importance in world today. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Weber’s Conception

  • Max Weber conceived of sociology as a comprehensive science of social action.
  • His primary focus was on the subjective meanings that human actors attach to their actions in their mutual orientations within specific socio-historical contexts. He delineated four ideal types of social action.

Wert Rational Action or Rational Action in R

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Question 255

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Critically analyze C. W Mills’s conception of “elite” in the power structure. (Marks-10)

Explanation

C. W Mills’s Conception of “elite” in the Power Structure

  • C. Wright Mills presented a less ambitious and less wide-ranging version of elite theory. He limited his analysis to American society in the 1950s.
  • Mills did not believe that elite rule was inevitable; in fact he saw it as a fairly recent development in the USA. He saw elite rule as based upon

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Question 256

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‘Education is a commodity for sale”. Critically discuss.

Explanation

Education as a Commodity

  • A commodity is something which is created, grown, produced or manufactures for exchange on the market. Therefore the primary aim is to sell. Education was initially not created as a saleable item. The laws of supply and demand are applicable on commodities.
  • Some have questioned whether, or not education is a commodity.
  • The unf

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Question 257

Features of Caste System
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India social system is organized around caste structure, therefore, caste and politics can never be separated. Critically analyze the statement.

Explanation

India’s Social System

  • Indian social system is organized around caste structure, therefore, caste and politics can never be separated.
  • Caste is a very important factor as it is seen as an important identity among the people.
  • Thus caste and politics are very intimately linked.

Relationship Can be Seen in the Following Ways

  • Caste is used in political mobil

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Question 258

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Verstehen (Marks-10)

Explanation

Verstehen

  • The concept of ‘Verstehen’ is related to Max Weber s conception of sociology, wherein he tries to bridge the gap between earlier ‘positivistic approach’ and an extreme ‘form of Interactionism. ’ Max Weber propounded that social reality is characterized by the presence of ‘consciousness. ’ Due to consciousness, people ascribe ‘meanings’ to

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Question 259

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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The challenge of secularism (Paper - II)

Explanation

Challenge of Secularism

  • Secularism refers to decline in social significance of religion. Thus, state and social life would be free from the influence of religion, and the role of religion would be restricted to personal life on people.
  • Indian model of secularism recognizes the multiple religions present in India, but it aims to achieve a non-discrimi

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