Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 241 - 250 of 503

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Question 241

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Critically examine the “Household dimension of the family” .

Explanation

Household Dimension of the Family

  • Family is a basic social institution of the Indian society. Due to lack of uniform definitions of the concept of ‘joint’ (extended) and ‘nuclear’ (conjugal) family, A. M. Shah gave the concept of ‘household’ , to conceptually clarify the composition of the family. In ‘Family in India and Household dimension of Famil…

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Question 242

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically analyse the impact of Globalization on youth. (Mark -10)

Explanation

Impact of Globalization on Youth

  • Indian youth are embracing globalization in a way that the previous generation never imagined.
  • The most significant effect can be compared across the rural and urban profiles for that is where the intensity of globalization varies.

Education

Youth stand to benefit with increased awareness and accessibility to new source…

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Question 243

Latent and Manifest Functions
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Discuss Middle-range theory. (Marks-20)

Explanation

Middle Range Theory

  • Middle Range Theory is, at its most basic level, a set of theories or propositions that bridge the gap between the empirical observation and broad, often abstract and untreatable, general or high-level theories.
The Middle-Range Theory
  • Middle range theory was first developed in sociology by R. K. Merton in the late 1940s as a means…

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Question 244

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Participative methods

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Participative Methods

  • A social researcher making use of participatory method of data collection ′ participate in action, thinking and feeling of those community, group or individual to collect data ′ s.
  • Qualitative Approach towards research methodology emphasize on ‘participatory’ method of data collection as these methods object to collect data՚s re…

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Question 245

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically analyse, to what extent contemporary Indian society is dominated by the ‘nuclear family’ structure.

Explanation

Contemporary Indian Society and ‘Nuclear Family’ Structure

  • In order to measure the overall changes taking place in the family as an institution in India, we need to identify the major forces or factors that have brought about changes in the family structure.
  • A host of interrelated factors, economic, educational, legal, demographic, have affected the …

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Question 246

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Immanuel Wallerstein՚s “dependency theory”

Explanation

Immanuel Wallerstein՚S “Dependency Theory”

  • Dependency theory grew essentially as a reaction to neo-liberal perspective of development that equated development with growth. The growth model did not yield the desired result for the poor nations rather the disparities between rich and poor nations grew wider.
  • Dependency theories argue that poverty of lo…

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Question 247

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short answers with a sociological perspective on the following, in about 150 words each:

What are the reason for the escalation of violence against women in the public domain? (Paper-II)

Explanation

Violence Against Women in the Public Domain

  • The gravest issue, which has confronted the Indian society over the years, is the violent order against women.
  • “Violence against women is the manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women” and that “violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women a…

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Question 248

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Answer the following question in not more than 0 words each:

Bring out the main features of farmers՚ movement in Modern India.

(Paper-II)

Explanation

Farmer՚S Movement in Modern India

  • The 1980s mark the beginning of a new trend in the farmers ‘movements in India. A spate of new movements, from Shetkari Sangathana (SS) in Maharashtra to Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS) in Karnataka and Bharatiya Kisan Union in Uttar Pradesh, began challenging the wider exploitative relations between the agrarian society…

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Question 249

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Phenomenology (Marks-10)

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Phenomenology

  • Phenomenology is a perspective primarily belongs to philosophy which was introduced by Edmund Husserl. In philosophy, the aim of phenomenology is to study human phenomenology without considering questions of their causes, their object reality or their appearances.
  • Phenomenology believes in experience or cognition. Phenomenology seeks to…

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Question 250

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Idea of functional indispensability.

Explanation

Functional Indispensability

  • Structural functionalism is an approach to explain the social world that presupposes an organic model with the various elements having a particular function that ensures, though consensus, the maintenance and order of the social system. Structural functionalist arguments hinge on the concepts of functional unity, universa…

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