Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 234 - 240 of 503

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Question 234

Agrarian Social Structure- Land Reforms
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Describe the impact of land reforms on the peasants of Indian society.

(Paper-II)

Explanation

Land Reforms and Their Impact on the Peasants of Indian Society

  • Land reforms, were designed to break the old ‘feudal socio-economic structure’ or rural India, to provide fillip to ‘modernization of agriculture’ and increase ‘agriculture productivity’ .
  • So, broadly the objectives were to usher in an egalitarian society, stop exploitation in all forms.

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Question 235

Problems of Religious Minorities
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write a critical narrative on the concerns of religious minorities in India. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Concerns of Religious Minorities in India

  • Religious minority is defined as ‘a group of people differentiated from others in the same society by race, nationality, religion or language, who think of themselves as differentiated group and are thought of by others as a differentiated group with negative connotations. Further, they are relatively lackin…

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Question 236

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Social change is not a smooth, orderly progression that gradually unfolds in harmonious evolution. Critically Examine

Explanation

Social Change and Harmonious Evolution

  • Social change is an alteration in the social order of a society. Social change may include changes in nature, social institutions, social behaviours, or social relations. Social change may refer to the notion of social progress or sociocultural evolution, the philosophical idea that society moves forward by evo…

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Question 237

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Methodological pluralism is an increasingly common feature of social research.” In the context of this statement, discuss the ways in which multi-strategy research can be used.

Explanation

Methodological Pluralism

  • In Sociological research, combining different methods is referred to as ‘Methodological pluralism.’ Mostly, researchers rely on one method, associated with one of the ‘two research traditions’ , but many a times they ‘buttress their findings’ with a method associated with the tradition.
  • Martyn Hammersley, has distinguished ‘t…

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Question 238

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Write short note with a sociological perspective on the following is not more than 150 words each:

Challenges to institution of marriage. (Paper - II)

Explanation

Challenges to the Institution of Marriage

  • Marriage is a social arrangement in which the individuals and groups acquire certain rights in each other.
  • These rights are to seek sexual gratification from each other, to bear and beget children and to seek cooperation for economic and social purposes. Because of modernization, westernization and diffusion …

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Question 239

Working Class: Structure, Growth, Class Mobilization
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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Answer the following question in not more than 0 words each: -

Discuss the problems of working in India. (Paper-II)

Explanation

Problems Faced by Working Class in India

  • The working class is classically defined as that class which must sell its labor-power in order to survive.
  • In terms of market situation it is characterized by the fact that it sells its labor power in discrete amounts of time in return for a wage. In the case of work situation, the working class comprises tho…

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Question 240

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Has nuclear family existed in traditional India? Discuss with reference of the view of I. P. Desai. (Paper - II)

Explanation

I. P. Desai՚S View on Nuclear Family in Traditional India

  • Existence of nuclear family in traditional India can be analyzed by understanding the definition of nuclear and joint families as given by I. P Desai.
  • He didn՚t agree with the exclusive dependence on census to classify joint family in which the common residence is viewed as the only defining p…

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