Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 198 - 206 of 503

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Question 198

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Are social movements primordial in means and progressive in agenda? Explain. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Social Movements

Social movements are defined as “collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions” .

Main Characteristics of Social Movements

  • Social movements are among the most powerful forms of collective action. Well-organized, persistent campaigns can bring abou…

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Question 199

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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How is social equilibrium maintained in Parsonian framework?

Explanation

Social Equilibrium and Parsonian Framework

  • Social change is the alteration in patterns of social structure, social institutions, and social behaviour over time. Social change can vary in its scope and in speed. We can talk of small scale or large scale changes. Social change is a value-neutral term, in the sense that the sociologists do not study so…

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Question 200

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Describe the importance of lineage and descent in kinship and family.

Explanation

Importance of Lineage and Descent in Kinship and Family

  • Descent is the system of acknowledged social parentage, which varies from society to society, whereby a person may claim kinship ties with another. The practical importance of descent comes from its use as a means for one person to assert rights, duties, privileges, or status in relation to ano…

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Question 201

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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What, according to Pareto, are the basic characteristics of elites? Discuss (Paper-1)

Explanation

Pareto and the Basic Characteristics of Elites

  • Elite theory was first developed Vilfredo Pareto and Gaetano Mosca. Both saw elite rule as inevitable and dismissed the possibility of a proletarian revolution leading to the establishment of a communist society. Pareto and Mosca agreed that the basis of elite rule was the superior personal qualities of…

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Question 202

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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″ Globalization involves deterritoriazation. ″ Examine with reference to the nation-state. ″

Explanation

Globalization and Its Reference to the Nation State

  • Baylis and Smith define globalization as “the process of increasing interconnectedness between societies such that events in one part of the World have effects on people and societies far away.” It is facilitated by electronic communications, cashless economy, faster travel and transnational compan…

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Question 203

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Does scientific method make Sociology a Science? Illustrate your answer with Durkheim՚s method. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Durkheim՚S Method

  • Durkheim was not the first thinker to attempt to make sociology a science. Auguste Comte, who wished to extend the scientific method to the social sciences, and Herbert Spencer, who developed an evolutionary utilitarian approach that he applied to different areas in the social sciences, made notable attempts and their work had a fo…

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Question 204

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Define social movements? Discuss the characteristics of social movement. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Social Movements

Social movements are defined as “collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions” .

The Main Characteristics of Social Movements Are

  • Social movements are among the most powerful forms of collective action.
  • Well-organized, persistent campaigns can bri…

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Question 205

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Show how Durkheim through the study the tokenism demonstrates the reality of religion.

Explanation

Durkheim and the Study of Tokenism

  • Durkheim has presented the concept of sacred and profane in his sociological system of religion. He presented this concept after his sociological study of Arunta tribes of Australia.
  • He argued that all societies divide the world into two categories: - Sacred and Profane. Religion is based upon these division. Sacred…

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Question 206

Patriarchy, Entitlements and Sexual Division of Labour
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Structures of Patriarchy in India

Explanation

Patriarchy in India

  • The word patriarchy refers to any form of social power given disproportionately to men. The structure of the patriarchy is always considered the power status of male, authority, control of the male and oppression, domination of the man, suppression, humiliation, sub-ordination and subjugation of the women.
  • Patriarchy leads the wom…

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