Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 189 - 197 of 503

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Question 189

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Essay▾

How do Karl Marx and Max Weber differ in terms of their analysis of social stratification?

Explanation

Karl Marx and Max Weber՚S Analysis of Social Stratification

  • Marx՚s and Weber՚s theories of class serve as significantly influential and fundamental to a majority of further developments of the views on stratification. Although the theories are frequently contradicted to each other, they may be described as complementary rather than mutually exclusiv…

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Question 190

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Are Social movements always influenced by ideologies? Discuss.

Explanation

Social Movements

A social movement is defined as a sustained collective action aimed at bringing or resisting social change outside the sphere of established institutions.

The Social Movement Sector

Diagram representing social movement.

Social Movements and Ideologies

  • Conventionally ideology, collective mobilization, organization and leadership are iden…

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Question 191

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain how sociology has emerged as a distinct discipline based on rationality and scientific tamper.

Explanation

Sociology as a Distinct Discipline

  • Sociology, emerged first in Europe as a response to the “social and intellectual climate” prevailing in Europe of that time. In order to understand the emergence of sociology in Europe one needs to appreciate the relationship between society and ideas.
  • The emergence of sociology as a ‘scientific discipline’ can be t…

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Question 192

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

In social mobility possible in closed systems of stratification? Illustrate from research work.

Explanation

Social Mobility and Research Work

  • The term sociology mobility was introduced in sociology by Pitrim Sorokin in his book The Cultural Dynamics. In social stratification in every society different groups are placed or given a social position on the basis of some cultural or social yardsticks and accordingly they are assigned privileges and disadvantag…

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Question 193

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the relationship between poverty and social exclusion. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Poverty and Social Exclusion

  • Social exclusion is the marginalisation of individuals or people from the society, wherein certain rights, opportunities and resources are not available to them. Social exclusion is a complex and multidimensional process. It has an impact on the economic, social, cultural, as well as political arenas of life, therefore a…

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Question 194

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Examine the salient features of Weberian bureaucracy.

Explanation

Salient Features of Weberian Bureaucracy

  • Bureaucracy is the type of organization which suits most the modern societies where work is done rationally. It is ‘a hierarchical organization designed rationally to coordinate the work of many individuals in the pursuit of large scale administrative tasks and organizational goals’ .
  • According to Weber, Burea…

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Question 195

Latent and Manifest Functions
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What is the importance of Merton՚s Middle Range Theory in sociology? Discuss critically. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Merton՚S Middle Range Theory in Sociology

  • Middle-range theory, developed by Robert K. Merton, is an approach to sociological theorizing aimed at integrating theory and empirical research. Raymond Boudon has argued that ‘middle-range’ theory is the same concept that most other sciences simply call ‘theory’ .
  • Merton proposed middle range theories in wa…

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Question 196

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Sometimes workers do not feel attachment for their work. Marx formed a theory for this situation, discus that theory.

Explanation

Marx՚S Theory on Worker՚S No-Attachment at Work

  • Marx believed that there is an inherent relation between labor and human nature and that this relation is perverted by capitalism. He calls this perverted relation as alienation. It explains the peculiar form that our relation to our own labor has taken under capitalism and labor in capitalism is no lo…

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Question 197

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Examine the relevance of Parsonian Social System in the present society.

Explanation

Parsonian Social System

  • According to Parsons ′ a plurality of social actions, meaningfully related gives rise to a social system. The methodological tool that he suggests here for the analysis of system is known as “the systematic approach” .
  • Parsons identifies four needs which he calls as functional pre-requisites of any social system. They are – ‘A…

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