Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 170 - 178 of 503

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Question 170

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Essay▾

Social fact is to be treated as a thing. Discuss.

Explanation

Durkheim and Social Facts

  • Durkheim was highly influenced by the approach of natural sciences and inspired by that he saw discovery of universal social laws as a solution to the problems of society.
  • According to him, just as behavior of matter in nature can be regarded as a reaction to natural stimuli, behavior of man can also be seen as a response to

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Question 171

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Discuss the factors leading to growing religious revivalism in the contemporary world.

Explanation

Growing Religious Revivalism in the Contemporary World

Religious revivalism refers to mass movements based upon intense religious excitement seeking to restore religious commitment and attachment to a group.

Factors Leading to Religious Revivalism

  • The increasing trends of urbanization, migrations within and beyond country borders, consumerism and the

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Question 172

Latent and Manifest Functions
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Criticism of Manifest and Latent functions. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Manifest and Latent Functions

  • Manifest functions are objective consequences for some persons or social or cultural system, which contributes to its adjustment and they were also intended, as for example, enforcement of law and order by the police.
  • Latent function are consequences which contribute to adjustment but were not intended, as for example, i

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Question 173

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Examine the emerging trends in marriage and family as a response to the change in economic and social order.

Explanation

Emerging Trends in Marriage and Family and Change in Economic and Social Order

  • The institution of marriage is the term used for the social approval given to sexual relations between 2 individuals. Marriage helps in providing a way to regulate reproduction and sexual relationship in the society, among other functions that it serves. Marriage is also

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Question 174

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“Participant observation in many situation is nothing more than a case study”. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Participant Observation and Case Study

  • This observation is certain degree of participation and observation is inherent in all sociological methods. The overall goal of ‘participant observation’ field work is to learn about the ‘whole way of life’ of a community, target group etc. and hence, researcher joins the everyday activity of those whom he or

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Question 175

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes on the following from a sociological perspective (Each short note in about 150 words): Stratification of Classes

Explanation

Stratification of Classes

  • Class is broadly perceived as a social group having identical skills, incomes, wealth and material well-being in general. A narrower conception views class in terms of occupational status only.
  • Marx popularized this concept in sociology and he perceived it as a social group which has similar position vis-à-vis mode and force

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Question 176

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Distinguish between social change and development. Discuss the linear theories of social change.

Explanation

Social Change and Development

  • Social change refers to alterations that occur in the social structure and social relations. It is a value-free or neutral concept. It is a value-neutral term, in the sense that the sociologists do not study social change in terms of good or bad, desirable or undesirable. Social change broadly refers to all the historic

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Question 177

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Examine ‘patirarchal bargain ‘as gendered division of work in contemporary India.

Explanation

Patriarchal Bargain as Gendered Division of Work

  • Women, despite possessing formal equality with men, still experience a number of inequalities in the labour market. They face a number of disadvantages in paid work, these being:
    • Occupational segregation: Vertical and Horizontal.
    • Wage gap- they tend to be paid less than men-
    • Concentrated in the lower rea

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Question 178

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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How does Weber use the notion of ‘ideal types’ in his theory of bureaucracy?

Explanation

Weber and His Notion of Ideal Types

  • ‘An ideal type is formed by the one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view and by the synthesis of a great many diffuse, discrete, more or less present and occasionally absent concrete individual phenomena, which are arranged according to those one-sidedly emphasized viewpoints into a unified analytical

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