Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 9 - 16 of 503

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Question 9

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Criticism of Durkheim՚s suicide (Paper-2)

Explanation

Durkheim՚S Suicide

  • Durkheim defines suicide as follows: “the term suicide is applied to all cases of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result.”
  • Durkheim classified ‘four types of suicide’ , determined by the ‘degree of’ integration ‘with society or’ degree of…

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Question 10

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There are tendencies in some parts of the country to discriminate against the immigrants. Briefly analyze the factors which give rise to the politics of “nativism” .

Explanation

Factors Giving Rise to the Politics of Nativism

  • Nativism is, primarily, a social, political, psychological and linguistic term. The concept of nativism consists of 2 constituents held together in a dialectical relationship: the self and the others; where the self and others are seen differently.
  • Nativism is that form of ethnic identity that seeks to …

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Question 11

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Sociology as a by-product of Industrial revolution.

Explanation

Sociology-A Bi-Product of Industrial Revolution

  • The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history of mankind. Almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. It brought about great changes in the social and economic life of the people first in England, then in the other countries of Europe and later in other continents.
  • T…

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Question 12

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes on the following, keeping sociological perspective in view (Each short note in bout 150 words each) : Universalism vs. particularism

Explanation

Universalism vs Particularism

  • Answer: Parson linked the social section and social system on the basis of pattern variable and term social system as solution, If dilemmas occurred in pattern variables.
  • Parson said that while performing the action there must be dilemma occur in social action, and then Parson termed same pattern variable to solve these …

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Question 13

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Discuss how various theoretical perspectives in sociology have in their own way broadened and enriched the understanding and explanation of society, ever since the inception of sociology. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Sociology

  • Sociology stared with functionalist perspective and has matured to become a full-fledged discipline today.
  • Every perspective adds new dimensions and enriched our understanding of society.
  • Though none of the perspectives is sufficient in itself but all of them together help us to understand the complex nature of social reality.

Various Perspec…

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Question 14

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How Fertility and sex-ratio are related to each other?

Explanation

Fertility and Sex-Ratio

  • Fertility refers to “ability of couples to reproduce off-springs” . On a social scale, determinants of fertility are multidimensional.
  • Ranging from religious or cultural factors to various other social, economic, scientific and technological advancements are the controlling elements behind fertility.
  • Though fertility, in compar…

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Question 15

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What evidence would you offer against the view that ‘tribes are primitive communities living isolated lives untouched by civilization’ ?

Explanation

Tribes Are Primitive Communities Living Isolated Lives Untouched by Civilization

  • ‘Tribe’ is a modern term for communities that are very old, being among the oldest inhabitants of the sub-continent.
  • The idea that tribes are like stone age hunting and gathering societies that have remained untouched by time is still common, even though this has not bee…

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Question 16

Spirit of Capitalism
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the role of Calvinist ethic in the development of Capitalism.

Explanation

Role of Calvinist Ethic and the Development of Capitalism

  • According to Weber, Protestantism, mainly as a system of ideas, and its impact on the rise of another system of ideas, the ‘spirit of capitalism’ , and ultimately on a capitalist economic system.
  • He found that Calvinism, Methodism՚s petition were best suitable to demonstrate the linkage. Even …

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