Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 161 - 169 of 503

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 503 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 1000.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 161

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Objectivity as a sociological goal (Paper-2)

Explanation

Objectivity as a Sociological Goal

  • Objectivity is an approach in which the attitude of a scientific investigator is detached, unprejudiced, value free and free from biases. Objectivity pre-supposes value neutrality and predictability about outcome. It is one of the pillars of ‘Scientific Method’ and core of positivism.
  • –The need of objectivity in soc

… (284 more words) …

Question 162

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2017

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Can we equate ‘poverty’ with ‘poor living’? Elaborate your answer.

Explanation

Poverty and Poor Living

  • Poverty is a ‘state in which resources, usually material but sometimes cultural, are lacking. It has been defined primarily in terms of ‘material deprivation’.
  • There are two different approaches to poverty. i) Absolute poverty ii) Relative poverty.
  • Poverty defined in ‘absolute terms’, refers to a state in which the individual l

… (573 more words) …

Question 163

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What are the new forms of family in developed societies? Discuss. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Forms of Family in Developed Societies

  • ‘The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adults’.
  • Factors that have been r

… (562 more words) …

Question 164

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain characteristics of Sanskritization.

Explanation

Sanskritization

  • Prof M. N Srinivas introduced the term Sanskritization to Indian Sociology. The term refers to a process whereby people of lower castes collectively try to adopt upper caste practices and beliefs to acquire higher status.
  • It indicates a process of cultural mobility that is taking place in the traditional social system of India. M. N S

… (362 more words) …

Question 165

Historical Materialism
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2012

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

In Marxian classification of Society, feudal and slave societies are very important. How are they different from each other?

Explanation

Marxian Classification of Society, Feudal and Slave Societies

  • Every new mode of production displaces the earlier one because of various factors like — inherent weaknesses of the system, contradictions, class struggle etc. A revolution is often required to change the relations of production.
  • Ancient (or Slave) Societies. In this stage, a new mode of p

… (386 more words) …

Question 166

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How is sociological approach to human action different from that of psychological approach? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sociological Approach and Psychological Approach

  • According to the American Sociological Association, sociology is the scientific study and evaluation of society. This includes analyzing patterns of social interaction, relationships with others, and culture. Sociologists study these interactions and examine their relationships with other social strat

… (496 more words) …

Question 167

Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Briefly analyze the role of “political parties” in strengthening of democracy. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Role of Political Parties in Strengthening of Democracy

  • Political parties are an essential component of democracy. By competing in elections and mobilizing citizens behind particular visions of society as well as through their performance in the legislature, parties offer citizens meaningful choices in governance, avenues for political participation

… (450 more words) …

Question 168

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine science and technology as agents of social change. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Science and Technology as Agents of Social Change

  • Social change is the alteration in patterns of social structure, social institutions, and social behaviour over time.
  • No society can successfully resist change, not even those that try to do so, although some societies are more resistant to change than others. But the rate, nature and direction of cha

… (784 more words) …

Question 169

Latent and Manifest Functions
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Using Merton’s concepts of ‘manifest’ and ‘latent’ functions, explain the persistence of corruption in Indian society. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Merton’s Concept of ‘Manifest’ and ‘Latent’ Functions

  • According to Merton, the Manifest functions are ‘intended and recognized’ functions of any social institution or cultural practice. The latent functions are ‘neither intended nor recognized. ’ They may be functional or dysfunctional as perceived by investigator.
  • The manifest function of slavery, f

… (228 more words) …