Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 124 - 133 of 503

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Question 124

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“Religious pluralism is the order of present-day societies.” Explain by giving suitable examples. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Religious Pluralism and the Order of Present Day Societies

  • Religious pluralism refers to the existence of multiple religious groups and different types of religious organizations in a society. In other words, there would be groups adhering to ‘different religious tenets’ and also people being members of the ‘traditional conventional religion’ or the…

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Question 125

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Compare Sociology and history (Paper-2)

Explanation

Sociology and History

  • Sociology and History are social disciplines and both are concerned with human activities and events.
  • The comparative method and historical sociology always requires data which only the history can supply.
  • Similarly, the historian also uses sociology. Until recently, the historian took his clues to important problems and his conc…

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Question 126

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Is religion playing an important role in increasing fundamentalism? Give reasons for your answer. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Religion and Increasing Fundamentalism

  • Fundamentalism refers to tradition defended in traditional way. Fundamentalism is sometimes linked to violence, particularly terrorism, though this is not always the case.
  • The main cause of fundamentalism is the belief of religious traditionalists that the world around them has changed so as to threaten their ab…

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Question 127

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“Sociology is pre-eminently study of modern societies.” Discuss. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Sociology and Modern Societies

  • Modernity had impact on social, economic and political lives of people. Initially, modernity was seen positive, but its negative fallout soon became too apparent. Modernity posed challenges which led to growth of new intellectual ideas.
  • The questions which were posed were not answered by hitherto existing disciplines an…

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Question 128

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe the nature of social organization of work in industrial society. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Social Organization of Work in Industrial Society

  • Social organization reflects the normative structure at work place in form of stratified order in society, power relations, social mobility, and alienation and so on. Modern societies have secular or technical component as dominating one while in traditional societies work is organized more on normat…

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Question 129

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Write a short essay on the Latin American perspective on ‘dependency’ (Paper-1)

Explanation

Latin American Perspective on ‘Dependency’

  • Dependency theory grew essentially as a reaction to neo-liberal perspective of development that equated development with growth. The growth model did not yield the desired result for the poor nations rather the disparities between rich and poor nations grew wider.
  • Dependency theories argue that poverty of lo…

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Question 130

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Differentiate between the qualitative and quantitative methods in Research

Explanation

Qualitative Methods

  • It refer to examination, analysis and interpretation of observations for the purpose of discovering underlying meanings and patterns of relationship to gain better understanding of symbols, motives and meanings. Qualitative methods emerged as a reaction to an excessive emphasis on positivist research, which is considered unsuitab…

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Question 131

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Herbert Blumer՚s perspective on Social movement

Explanation

Herbert Blumer՚S Perspective on Social Movement

  • Social movements are defined as “collective attempts to further a common interest or secure a common goal through action outside the sphere of established institutions” . The main characteristics of social movements are; David Aberele has given a ‘four - fold classification’ of social movements:
    • Transfo…

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Question 132

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the importance of power elite ′ in democracy. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Importance of Power Elite in Democracy

  • C. Wright Mills presented a less ambitious and less wide-ranging version of elite theory. He limited his analysis to American society in the 1950s.
  • Mills did not believe that elite rule was inevitable; in fact he saw it as a fairly recent development in the USA. He saw elite rule as based upon the exploitation o…

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Question 133

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Critically analyse the role of science and technology in bringing about social change.

Explanation

Role of Science and Technology in Social Change

  • Social change is the alteration in patterns of social structure, social institutions, and social behaviour over time. No society can successfully resist change, not even those that try to do so, although some societies are more resistant to change than others. But the rate, nature and direction of chan…

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