Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 114 - 121 of 503

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Question 114

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss the nature of social organization of work in capitalist society with reference to the Limits of the working day. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Social Organization of Work in Capitalist Society

  • Social organization reflects the normative structure at work place in form of stratified order in society, power relations, social mobility, and alienation and so on. Modern societies have secular or technical component as dominating one while in traditional societies work is organized more on normat

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Question 115

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Critically analyze Talcott Parsons contribution to theory of social action. (Paper-2)

Explanation

Talcott Parsons Contribution to Theory of Social Action

  • Social Action is defined by Parsons in his ‘Structure of Social Action, 1937’ as – ‘Any act consciously performed is Social Actions’.
  • Thus, unlike Weber who says that action should be oriented towards others for it to be ‘social’, Parsons instead gave four conditions –
    • It occurs in a social situa

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Question 116

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Analyze the limitation of quantitative methods in social research. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Limitation of Quantitative Methods in Social Research

  • The quantitative research employs quantitative measurements and use of statistical analysis.
  • This type of research is based on the methodological principles of positivism and adheres to strict sampling and and research design. For eg: Questionnaire, Interview, calculating percentages, t test etc.

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Question 117

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Trace the changing nature of organisation of work in capitalist society over the years.

Explanation

Changing Nature of Organisation of Work in Capitalist Society

  • Social organization reflects the normative structure at work place in form of stratified order in society, power relations, social mobility, and alienation and so on. Modern societies have secular or technical component as dominating one while in traditional societies work is organized mo

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Question 118

Untouchability- Forms and Perspectives
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The social problem of ‘untouchability’ has been understood through different perspectives. Examine.

Explanation

Social Problem of Untouchability

The perspectives on Untouchability can be broadly classified into the following:

Image shows Theories of Untouchability

Image Shows Theories of Untouchability

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Racial Theories

  • Untouchability is a racial issue. The untouchables and the untouchables belong to two different races differentiated by colour. According to Risley, the touchables were

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Question 119

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Differentiate between Maxian and Weberian theories of Social stratification.

Explanation

Marxian and Weberian Theories of Social Stratification

  • Marx’s and Weber’s theories of class serve as significantly influential and fundamental to a majority of further developments of the views on stratification. Although the theories are frequently contradicted to each other, they may be described as complementary rather than mutually exclusive.
  • Eve

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Question 120

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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“Hypothesis is a statement of the relationship between two or more variables. ” Elucidate by giving example of poverty and illiteracy. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Hypothesis

  • Hypothesis is indispensable for any scientific investigation as it always ‘guides’ and gives ‘direction’ to the investigation. Hypothesis is a ‘tentative generalization, ’ the validity of which remains to be tested. When verified and found true, hypothesis leads to formation of theory.
  • Hypothesis is a tentative assumption, made in order to

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Question 121

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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What is new in ‘new social movement ‘? Elaborate your answer with special reference to India.

Explanation

New Social Movement

  • The 1960s were a period of transformation in ‘collective action. ’ with there being an explosion of social movements, around the globe.
  • The new social movements, rather than pushing for specific changes in public policy emphasize on social changes in ‘identity, lifestyle and culture. ’ These movements include the civil rights, fem

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