Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 104 - 113 of 503

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Question 104

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Examine the dimension of gender inequality in the informal and formal sector of work.

Explanation

Gender Inequality

  • From a long time women has been restricted to household work and child care activities.
  • It has led to dependency of women on men leading to stratification based on gender which restrict a woman from realising he full potential.
  • As women are late comer in the modern employment, they face many inequalities both in formal and informal s

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Question 105

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Dimensions of inter-caste conflict in India

Explanation

Dimensions of Inter-Caste Conflict in India

  • Yogendra Singh in Social Transformation of Indian Society gives how ideology, structure and culture of Indian society is facing tension from various agents of social changes –Law, Economy, Planned Development, Technology.
  • Tensions generated by this agents are leading to the process of restructuring of India

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Question 106

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Grassroots movements following Gandhian non-violent tradition are expanding in India. Substantiate.

Explanation

Grassroots Movements Following Gandhian Non-Violent Tradition

  • There have been several movements around the world, as well as in India to save the environment and the lives that are dependent on it. There have been several strategies being adopted by these grassroots environmental movements, which includes Gandhian traditions, militaristic traditions

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Question 107

Historical Materialism
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Analyse Marxian conception of historical materialism as a critique of Hegelian dialectics.

Explanation

Marxian Conception of Historical Materialism

  • Historical materialism is Karl Marx’s ‘scientific theory of society’. It is an important ‘analytical tool’ in understanding the origin and progress of human society. It is regarded as ‘historical’ because Karl Marx has traced the evolution of human societies from one stage to another. It is ‘materialistic

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Question 108

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Critically examine science and technology as agents of social studies. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Science and Technology as Agents of Social Studies

  • Social change is the alteration in patterns of social structure, social institutions, and social behaviour over time. No society can successfully resist change, not even those that try to do so, although some societies are more resistant to change than others. But the rate, nature and direction of c

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Question 109

Religious Communities in India
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Caste among Muslims in India

Explanation

Caste Among Muslims in India

  • The caste system in India is a system of social stratification, social restriction and a basis for affirmative action in India. Historically, the caste system in India divided communities into thousands of endogamous hereditary groups called Jatis.
  • Islamic society is generally egalitarian, which stands in sharp contrast w

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Question 110

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Elaborate the views of Durkheim on “The Elementary Forms of Religious Life”

Explanation

Durkheim’s View on “Elementary Forms of Religious Life”

  • It is ‘study of suicide’ is a causal explanation, but his ‘study of religion’ is a functional explanation and it is the basic method of accounting for basis of stability and order in society. In Spencer’s work major focus was ‘stability’. But Durkheim shifted focus to ‘change’ due to the social

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Question 111

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Explain the concept of Religious Pluralism? (Paper-2)

Explanation

Concept of Religious Pluralism

  • Religious pluralism refers to the existence of multiple religious groups and different types of religious organizations in a society. In other words, there would be groups adhering to ‘different religious tenets’ and also people being members of the ‘traditional conventional religion’ or the ‘less conventional alternat

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Question 112

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Discuss distinct sociological method adopted by Emile Durkheim in his study of ‘suicide’.

Explanation

Sociological Method Adopted by Emile Durkheim and Study of Suicide

  • Durkheim argued that if it could be established that suicide - apparently the most personal of individual, psychological, conditions - had social causes then it would help to establish sociology as both a new discipline and, as the scientific study of social phenomena.
  • Social Suicidog

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Question 113

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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What are the distinctive features of social organization of work in slave society? (Paper-1)

Explanation

Distinctive Features of Social Organization of Work

  • Social organization reflects the normative structure at work place in form of stratified order in society, power relations, social mobility, and alienation and so on.
  • Modern societies have secular or technical component as dominating one while in traditional societies work is organized more on norma

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