Optionals IAS Mains Sociology: Questions 79 - 86 of 503

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Question 79

Self and Identity
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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Critically analyses the contribution of G. H. Mead to ‘symbolic interactionism’ . (Paper-1)

Explanation

G. H. Mead՚S Contribution to Symbolic Interactionism

  • George Herbert Mead has made important contributions to ‘Symbolic Interactionism’ through his theory of ‘Self and Identity’ . According to Mead, human thought, experience and conduct are essentially ‘social.’ They owe their nature to the fact that human beings interact in terms of ‘symbols’ , the …

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Question 80

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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“Education helps in perpetuating social and economic inequalities.” Critically examine the statement.

Explanation

Education in Social and Economic Inequalities

  • Education has its own intrinsic value. An educated person can understand, analyze and participate efficiently in the market. An educated person is more confident to face poverty. A literate woman has better knowledge of health and family planning. It develops scientific tamper and helps in reducing child…

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Question 81

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Analyze the relationship between sociology and psychology (Paper-2)

Explanation

Relationship between Sociology and Psychology

  • Psychology and sociology go hand in hand – they are both the scientific study of people. Both help people understand the dynamics of emotions, relationships and behaviours better. There are several significant differences, though, and each role with their complexities and nuances is important and notable…

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Question 82

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Write short notes on the following, keeping sociological perspective in view (Each short note in bout 150 words each) : Interpretative sociology

Explanation

Interpretative Sociology

  • It is an umbrella term for various streams like Phenomenology, Ethnomethodology, and symbolic interactionism and so on.
  • This approach was used for the first time by Max Weber in his book Methods of Social Science. Weber was highly influenced by idealists like Rickert and Dilthey. According to this approach, the task of sociol…

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Question 83

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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Is patriarchy a universal phenomenon? Critically examine how patriarchy affects sexual division of labour in societies.

Explanation

Patriarchy and Sexual Division of Labour in Societies

  • Gender refers to socially constructed aspects of differences between men and women. Its scope includes within its ambit:
    • Individual identity and personality
    • At symbolic level, it extends to cultural ideas, stereotypes of masculinity and femininity.
    • At structural level, it extends to sexual division …

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Question 84

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Discuss the contemporary trends in family as a response to social change in modern society. (Paper-1)

Explanation

Contemporary Trends in Family and Social Change in Modern Society

  • ‘The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adult…

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Question 85

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Examine the dialectical relation between tradition and modernity in the study of social change. 1

Explanation

Dialectical Relation between Tradition and Modernity

  • Tradition, by which we mean value themes encompassing the entire social system of Indian society prior to the beginning of modernization, was organized on the principle of hierarchy, holism, continuity and transcendence. While modernity means a rational transformation of the psychological, social,…

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Question 86

Social Stratification of Ethnicity and Race
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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Examine gender. Ethnicity and race as major dimensions of social stratification.

Explanation

Gender

  • Gender refers to the ′ socially constructed ′ aspects of ′ differences ′ between men and women. The term has however become extended to refer to not only ′ individual identity and personality ′ but also at the ′ symbolic level ′ to ′ cultural ideas ′ and stereotypes of masculinity and femininity and at the ′ structural level ′ to the ′ sexual…

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