Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 48 - 53 of 139

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Question 48

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

‘NITI Aayog’ has changed the way India strategized for economic development, but its effectiveness is yet to be seen, especially when it’s financial powers are far less than its predecessor. Analyze. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Planning Commission

  • Planning Commission was established in 1950 by taking inspiration from Soviet Union’s Experiment of planned development aiming towards having a socialistic society using process of hierarchical or top down modelNational Institution for Transforming India. . NITI stands for
  • It was established in 2015 with the aim to achieve Sustain

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Question 49

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Taylor’s scientific management ignores the social and psychological factors. Comment. What light does Antonio Gramsci’s critique of Taylorism throw on its social- Psychological underpinning?

Explanation

Taylor’s Scientific Management

  • Taylorism came into existence to bring about efficiency and economy into industries.
  • However, Taylorism has been criticised by Antonio Gramsci’s of being dehumanizing, mechanistic etc.

Dehumanizing

  • It undermined and over simplified human emotions and assumed human beings can only be motivated in monetary terms.
  • Other motiv

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Question 50

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“Administrative Law is recognized by its substance rather than its form. ” Discuss (10 Marks)

Explanation

Administrative Law

  • Administrative Law deals with functioning of Administrative agencies and it’s relationship with citizens. It is analyzed and recognized by Citizens mainly by its content.
  • It is more important to realize the Purpose of Administrative Law and how it tries to alter the relationship between Citizen and Administration for e. g. Right to

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Question 51

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Capacity issues relating to employees have hampered the implementation of several government programmes. Trace the reasons in the context of the provisions of the National Training Policy, 2012. (20 Mark)

Explanation

Capacity Issues and National Training Policy, 2012

Fred Riggs defined Administrative Development is defined as the process of enhancing the capabilities of administrators through imparting training in structural, procedural and behavioural aspects of administration so that they can achieve the objectives of development administration.

Fred Riggs defined Administrative Development

Fred Riggs Defined Administrative Development

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Question 52

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There is more to administration than human relations and less of human behavior relevant to administrative theory. Analyze.

Explanation

Human Relations and Human Behaviours

  • As the society Progressed from Feudalism to capitalism, efficiency and economy became the important focus area of organisation. Thus, focusing on structural element of organisation. As further changes took place in society, to maximizing efficiency of organisation human element also gain importance in administrat

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Question 53

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Currently, administrative training focusses more on improving efficiency than on transforming the attitudes and behavior of civil servants. What type of training will you suggest to fill this gap? Elaborate.

Explanation

Training

  • Training is one of the important steps in personnel administration which keeps employees’ attitude and aptitude relevant to organizational needs. It is an ongoing process of response to a need.
  • Training focuses on cognitive improvement by giving theoretical training and behavioural components by emphasizing on practical training.

How Training

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