Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 36 - 41 of 167

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Question 36

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

The concept of new localism arrangement may defeat the very purpose of local self-governance. Do you agree? Justify. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Concept of New Localism Arrangement

  • Local Self-Government is the management of local affairs by such local bodies who have been elected by the local people.
  • These local bodies provide services to the local community as well as acts as an instrument of democratic self-government. New localism is about managerial devolution of power.
  • Local self-Gov. inv…

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Question 37

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“Administrative systems across the world can be understood only in their respective historical and social contexts.” Explain the statement giving examples.

Explanation

Administrative Systems

  • Studying Administrative systems across the world helps in understanding Administrative setups and their functioning in various settings and societies/countries and what works and why it works. Also, it helps improvise administrative systems by making them more efficient thus leading to a strong and practical theory of the subj…

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Question 38

Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor)
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Essay▾

The Participative Management School of Argyris and Likert advocates democracy within the administrative system. Will this approach be equally useful to developing countries with evolving democracies? (20 Marks)

Explanation

Participative Management

  • The participative management school advocates involvement of workers into management and decision-making process.
  • It sees organization from the perspective continuous interactive system wherein there is free flow of ideas and opinions. This develops reciprocal relationships which in turn boosts organizational productivity.

Par…

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Question 39

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“Abraham Maslow՚s ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ and Frederick Herzberg՚s” Two Factor Theory “have commonalities in the analysis of human motivation.” Comment (15 Marks)

Explanation

″ Abraham Maslow՚S ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ and Frederick Herzberg՚S ″ Two Factor Theory ″

  • Maslow and Herzberg gave theory of human motivation which had several commonalities.
  • Both the theories are content theories of motivation which has emphasized upon the “what” aspect of motivation i.e.. what are the factors which motivates an individual.
  • Further, Her…

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Question 40

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Civil Society supplements and complements the State. However, its capacity and role depend upon the will of the State. Comment (15 Marks)

Explanation

Civil Society

  • Civil society is a non-governmental, voluntary groups of citizens that organize themselves on behalf of advancing some public interest. Civil society works in partnership with the state to complement where state is not present and to supplement to aid its capacity for responsible and transparent governance.
  • Role that can be played by Ci…

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Question 41

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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The evidences suggest that the dream of deliberative democracy could not be realized in practice at the Grassroot level. Evaluate the impediments in the functioning of Gram Sabha.

(10 Marks)

Explanation

Deliberative Democracy

Deliberative democracy in MP Follet՚s sense, refers to the integration of people՚s ideas at the neighbourhood level through frequent deliberation and group practices 73rd Constitutional Amendment act Provides for Gram Sabha is a platform for deliberation, Discuss, Debate and take decision. However, in Practice Gram Sabha faces…

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