Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 30 - 35 of 167

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Question 30

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

E-Governance creates a direct relationship between the citizen and the state ″ . In this context, explain the changing role of the elected representatives.

Explanation

E-Governance

  • E- Governance bridges the gap between citizen and Government making it easier for Citizen to approach Government directly.
  • Twitter Governance is increasingly becoming responsive to issues raised at social media, Twitter.
  • People՚s Participation has increased w. r. t for eg - Many Policies are put forth online for Public comment before fina…

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Question 31

Legacy of British Rule in Politics and Administration -Indianization of Public Services
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Macaulay՚s ideas on Indian Civil Service Corresponded to the elite theory of bureaucracy, which continue to persist. Do you agree? Justify. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Macaulay՚S Ideas on Indian Civil Service

  • Macaulay wanted to introduce generalist, career oriented and brightest bureaucrats in ICS. ICS was the instrument of the imperial power. Karl Marx՚s class analysis would indicate that the main function of examination is to ensure that only members of the upper class who can afford costly higher education can …

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Question 32

Public Borrowings and Public Debt Budgets -Types and Forms
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Essay▾

“A large public debt forces the adoption of tax and spending policies that result into higher taxes and reduced services.” Analyse (10 Marks)

Explanation

Public Debt

  • Public debt is the indicator of financial health of the Government. Beyond optimal level the public debt results into several macro-economic vulnerabilities such as high inflation, interest rates, lower investment (such as FDI & FII) , decreased savings, high speculation adversaries in stock markets etc. All this reduces the credibility …

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Question 33

Evolution of the Discipline and Its Present Status
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

“If there is ever to be a science of Public Administration it must derive from an understanding of man՚s behavior” . Explain. (10 Marks)

Explanation

A Science of Public Administration from Man՚S Behaviour

  • Classical thinkers emphasized upon Structure of organization and tried to develop Science of Administration but ignored human behavior. Later thinkers such as Herbert Simon, Dwight Waldo emphasized on human behavior but there are certain differences.
    • Science means Formal, Behavioral, Behavioral …

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Question 34

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Chester Barnard՚s model of ‘Contribution-Satisfaction Equilibrium’ is still considered a logical model of organizational motivation.” Do you agree? Give arguments.

Explanation

Chester Barnard՚S Model of ‘Contribution -Satisfaction Equilibrium’

  • Chester Barnard said that the individual՚s motivation depends on individual satisfaction being more than individual՚s contribution.
  • To explain this, he came out with a concept called as Contribution- Satisfaction Equilibrium.

Contribution - Satisfaction Equilibrium

  • By contribution, he …

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Question 35

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

In the era of increasing stress on productivity work study provides the road ahead for the administration. Identify the positive attributes of work study in the light of the statement.

(15 Marks)

Explanation

Increasing Stress on Work Productivity

  • Taylor suggested Work Study it to improve efficiency and economy of org Work study includes Work methods and work measurement.
  • It involves all the factors lead systematically to the investigation work, Time, Motion, and Processes etc. that effect Efficiency of economy.

Objective

The main objective of work study is…

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