Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 14 - 18 of 167

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Question 14

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Contingency theory of organization is founded on the interplay of ‘external fit’ and ‘internal fit’ . Discuss. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Contingency Theory of Organization

  • During 1950s and 1960s a counter revolution by contingency thinkers occurred.
  • Contingency theory argued that there cannot be a universal theory of organization as an organization is always impacted by external environment and internal environment which keeps on changing.
Contingency Theory
  • Org has to reinvent itself. …

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Question 15

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Article 356 acts, “very much like the proverbial bolt from the blue … . without giving an opportunity or notices to the State Government to correct its alleged shortcoming” . This phenomenon not only undermines the autonomy of the State Government, but also demeans the statue of the President of India. Critically analyze. (20 Marks)

Explanation

The President

  • The President is the head of the Indian State.
  • She/he is the first citizen of India and acts as the symbol of unity, integrity and solidarity of the nation.
  • Office of president is considered apolitical as he is the symbol of nation.

Constitutional Provisions W. R. T President՚S Rule

  • Article 355 Of Indian constitution Places duty upon Union…

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Question 16

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Essay▾

Even after 130 years of its publication, Woodrow Wilson՚s essay ″ The Study of Administration ″ continues to have great relevance even today. ″ Comment (10 Marks)

Explanation

Woodrow Wilson՚S “The Study of Administration”

  • Woodrow Wilson is called as Father of discipline of Public administration for his contribution to enable Public administration as distinct field of administration. Administration as an activity has been present, for a very long time but as systematic study it only developed after essay published by Wils…

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Question 17

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

A more effective system of performance appraisal should acknowledge the subjective elements in it and be less obsessed with the objective criteria. Elucidate. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisal is a systematic and periodic process conducted by the personnel administration that assesses an individual employee՚s job performance and productivity in relation to certain pre-established criteria and organizational objectives.

The Objectives of Performance Appraisal

  • employee training and development decis…

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Herbert Simon՚s book Administrative Behavior presents a synthesis of the classical and behavioral approaches to the study of Public Administration.” Explain.

Explanation

Herbert Simon՚S Book Administrative Behaviour

  • Herbert Simon intended to develop science of Public administration provided synthesis between Classical and behavioural theories using his concept of Decision making.
  • Classical approach is fact based. It focusses upon building Universal theories. It gives emphasis to Rationality, Efficiency.
  • Behavioral app…

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