Optionals IAS Mains Public Administration: Questions 121 - 125 of 167

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Question 121

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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Globalization has constructed the administrative state to save and serve corporate power structure.” Discuss how transnational corporation impact government and public administration in the contemporary era. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Globalization

  • Globalization started during 1980s and 1990s.
  • It resulted into state getting restructured as per Washington consensus.
  • It resulted into Rolling back of state. India also adopted New Economic policy.
Globalization

How State Was Restructuring to Corporate Sector

  • State started becoming regulator and facilitator- For instance Foreign Exchange R…

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Question 122

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Public Sector Undertaking were expected to take the Indian economy to the “commanding heights” instead the successive governments have been pushing for disinvestment. Critically examine how the scenario has changed over the years. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Public Sector Undertaking

  • PSU is an industrial org owned by Govt which is involved in production of goods & services with the objective of maximizing profits & welfare.
  • Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called PSUs as the ‘temple of modern India’ .

Need for PSUs

  • Markets cater to the needs of those people who have the necessary purchasing power whereas it…

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Question 123

Good Governance: Concept and Application
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

With the entry of the concept of ‘good governance’ the discipline of Public Administration has shed its statist character. Explain. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Concept of ‘Good Governance’

  • Statist Character means Dominated by state or state plays dominated role i.e.. big state, welfare state etc.
  • State played dominated role till 1980s and 90s.
  • Then emerged LPG, NPM and Good Governance models emerged. Good Governance emphasized on collective decision making.
Good Governance Models
  • With the emergence of Good Gov…

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Question 124

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

The economic reforms have significantly infringed the basic values and spirits of the Indian Constitution. Examine. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Economic Reforms and the Basic Values and Spirits of the Indian Constitution

  • Equality of status and opportunity and socio, economic and political justice are the basic values of the constitution.
  • With Liberalization privatization and globalization, the role of the state is changed earlier the state is service provider now the state is more in regulat…

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Question 125

Public -Private Partnerships
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss the essential characteristics of public sector-centred and market-centred perspectives in Public Private Partnerships and also compare the two.

Explanation

PPP (Public Private Partnership)

  • PPP (Public Private Partnership) is an instrument to maximize the strengths of state & markets & minimize their weaknesses.
  • Ultimately PPP can realize the objectives of 4 Es – Economy, Efficiency, and Effectiveness & Equity. PPP perspective can be either Public Sector Centred or Market Centred.

Public Sector Perspectiv…

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